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The Multilingual Internet
Author: Brenda Danet, Susan C. Herring
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199719497
Pages: 464
Year: 2007-06-04
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Two thirds of global internet users are non-English speakers. Despite this, most scholarly literature on the internet and computer-mediated-communication (CMC) focuses exclusively on English. This is the first book devoted to analyzing internet related CMC in languages other than English. The volume collects 18 new articles on facets of language and internet use, all of which revolve around several central topics: writing systems, the structure and features of local languages and how they affect internet use, code switching between multiple languages, gender issues, public policy issues, and so on.
The Routledge Handbook of Multilingualism
Author: Marilyn Martin-Jones, Adrian Blackledge, Angela Creese
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415496470
Pages: 562
Year: 2012
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The Routledge Handbook of Multilingualism provides a comprehensive survey of the field of multilingualism for a global readership, and an overview of the research which situates multilingualism in its social, cultural and political context. The handbook includes an introduction and five sections with thirty two chapters by leading international contributors. The introduction charts the changing landscape of social and ethnographic research on multilingualism (theory, methods and research sites) and it foregrounds key contemporary debates. Chapters are structured around sub-headings such as: early developments, key issues related to theory and method, new research directions. This handbook offers an authoritative guide to shifts over time in thinking about multilingualism as well as providing an overview of the range of contemporary themes, debates and research sites. The Routledge Handbook of Multilingualism is the ideal resource for postgraduate students of multilingualism, as well as those studying education and anthropology.
Multilingualism Online
Author: Carmen Lee
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317479173
Pages: 184
Year: 2016-09-13
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By the co-author of Language Online, this book builds on the earlier work while focusing on multilingualism in the digital world. Drawing on a range of digital media – from email to chatrooms and social media such as Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube – Lee demonstrates how online multilingualism is closely linked to people's offline literacy practices and identities, and examines the ways in which people draw on multilingual resources in their internet participation. Bringing together central concepts in sociolinguistics and internet linguistics, the eight chapters cover key issues such as: language choice code-switching identities language ideologies minority languages online translation. Examples in the book are drawn from both all the major languages and many lesser-written ones such as Chinese dialects, Egyptian Arabic, Irish, and Welsh. A chapter on methodology provides practical information for students and researchers interested in researching online multilingualism from a mixed methods and practice-based approach. Multilingualism Online is key reading for all students and researchers in the area of multilingualism and new media, as well as those who want to know more about languages in the digital world.
Supporting Multilingual Internet Searching and Browsing
Author: Yilu Zhou
Pages: 420
Year: 2006
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The amount of non-English information has proliferated rapidly in recent years. The broad diversity of the multilingual content presents a substantial research challenge in the field of knowledge discovery and information retrieval. Therefore there is an increased interest in the development of multilingual systems to support information sharing across languages. The goal of this dissertation is to study how different techniques and algorithms could help in multilingual Internet searching and browsing through a series of case studies. A system development research process was adopted as the methodology in this dissertation. In the first part of the dissertation, I discuss the development of CMedPort, a Chinese medical portal to serve the information seeking needs of Chinese users. A systematic evaluation has been conducted to study the effectiveness and efficiency of CMedPort in assisting human analysis. My experimental results show that CMedPort achieved significant improvement in searching and browsing performance compared to three benchmark regional search engines. The second and third case studies aim to investigate effective and efficient techniques and algorithms that facilitate multilingual Web retrieval. An English-Chinese multilingual Web retrieval system in the business IT domain was developed and evaluated. It was then extended into five languages: English, Chinese, Japanese, German and Spanish. A dictionary-based approach was adopted in query translation. Corpus-based co-occurrence analysis, relevance feedback, and phrasal translation algorithms were used for disambiguation purposes. Evaluation results showed that the system's phrasal translation and co-occurrence disambiguation led to great improvement in performance. The last part of this dissertation studies proper name translation problem. Proper names are often out-of-vocabulary terms and are critical to multilingual Web retrieval. This study proposes a combined Hidden Markov Model and Web mining model to automatically generate proper name translations. The approach was evaluated on two language pairs: English-Arabic and English Chinese. My results are encouraging and show promise for using transliteration techniques to improve multilingual Web retrieval. This dissertation has two main contributions. Firstly, it demonstrated how information retrieval, Web mining and artificial intelligence techniques can be used in a multilingual Web-based context. Secondly, it provided a set of tools that can facilitate users in their multilingual Web searching and browsing activities.
The Routledge Handbook of Language and Digital Communication
Author: Alexandra Georgakopoulou, Tereza Spilioti
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317439309
Pages: 434
Year: 2015-07-16
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The Routledge Handbook of Language and Digital Communication provides a comprehensive, state of the art overview of language-focused research on digital communication, taking stock and registering the latest trends that set the agenda for future developments in this thriving and fast moving field. The contributors are all leading figures or established authorities in their areas, covering a wide range of topics and concerns in the following seven sections: • Methods and Perspectives; • Language Resources, Genres, and Discourses; • Digital Literacies; • Digital Communication in Public; • Digital Selves and Online-Offline Lives; • Communities, Networks, Relationships; • New debates and Further directions. This volume showcases critical syntheses of the established literature on key topics and issues and, at the same time, reflects upon and engages with cutting edge research and new directions for study (as emerging within social media). A wide range of languages are represented, from Japanese, Greek, German and Scandinavian languages, to computer-mediated Arabic, Chinese and African languages. The Routledge Handbook of Language and Digital Communication will be an essential resource for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers within English language and linguistics, applied linguistics and media and communication studies.
Multilingual Internet and Ethnic Identity
Author: Isa Seow
Pages: 152
Year: 2004
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Online Communication in a Second Language
Author: Sarah E. Pasfield-Neofitou
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847698271
Pages: 264
Year: 2012-10-05
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Online Communication in a Second Language examines the use of social computer mediated communication (CMC) with speakers of Japanese via longitudinal case studies of up to four years. Through the analysis of over 2000 blogs, emails, videos, messages, games, and websites, in addition to interviews with learners and their online contacts, the book explores language use and acquisition via contextual resources, repair, and peer feedback. The book provides insight into relationships online, and the influence of perceived 'ownership' of online spaces by specific cultural or linguistic groups. It not only increases our understanding of online interaction in a second language, but CMC in general. Based on empirical evidence, the study challenges traditional categorisations of CMC mediums, and provides important insights relating to turn-taking, code-switching, and language management online.
Internet Linguistics
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136825592
Pages: 192
Year: 2011-02-01
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The Internet is now an integral part of contemporary life, and linguists are increasingly studying its influence on language. In this student-friendly guidebook, leading language authority Professor David Crystal follows on from his landmark bestseller Language and the Internet and presents the area as a new field: Internet linguistics. In his engaging trademark style, Crystal addresses the online linguistic issues that affect us on a daily basis, incorporating real-life examples drawn from his own studies and personal involvement with Internet companies. He provides new linguistic analyses of Twitter, Internet security, and online advertising, explores the evolving multilingual character of the Internet, and offers illuminating observations about a wide range of online behaviour, from spam to exclamation marks. Including many activities and suggestions for further research, this is the essential introduction to a critical new field for students of all levels of English language, linguistics and new media.
Telecom Standards Newsletter
Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc
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Language and the Internet
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521868599
Pages: 304
Year: 2006-08-31
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A revealing insight into the language of the Internet, looking at e-mail, chat, the Web, instant messaging and blogging.
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Communicating Across Cultures in Cyberspace
Author: Leah P. Macfadyen, Jörg Roche, Sabine Doff
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 3825876136
Pages: 205
Year: 2004
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"This bibliographic review is a first attempt at collecting together a body of literature relevant to the study of intercultural communication in cyberspace. It explores and summarizes themes and arguments in current literature relating to `the culture(s) of the Internet', `the language of cyberspace', `intercultural communication on the Internet', `identity and community in cyberspace', `culture and education in cyberspace' and `the impact of the Internet on culture(s)'. The survey offers an overview of current research and theoretical contributions identified in each area an extensive annotated bibliography that includes abstracts or summaries of each contribution It also identifies the most pressing issues in the field as well as gaps in current knowledge and understanding. Prof. Roche ist Sprecher des Instituts für Deutsch als Fremdsprache der LMU München, assoziierter Professor an der Deutsch-Jordanischen Hochschule und Vorsitzender des Wissenschaftlichen Beirats des Bundesamtes f'r Migration und Flüchtlinge. "
Collective Emotions
Author: Christian von Scheve, Mikko Salmella
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019100698X
Pages: 464
Year: 2014-01-30
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Although collective emotions have a long tradition in scientific inquiry, for instance in mass psychology and the sociology of rituals and social movements, their importance for individuals and the social world has never been more obvious than in the past decades. The Arab Spring revolution, the Occupy Wall Street movement, and mass gatherings at music festivals or mega sports events clearly show the impact collective emotions have both in terms of driving conflict and in uniting people. But these examples only show the most obvious and evident forms of collective emotions. Others are more subtle, although less important: shared moods, emotional atmospheres, and intergroup emotions are part and parcel of our social life. Although these phenomena go hand in hand with any formation of sociality, they are little understood. Moreover, there still is a large gap in our understanding of individual emotions on the one hand and collective emotional phenomena on the other hand. This book presents a comprehensive overview of contemporary theories and research on collective emotions. It spans several disciplines and brings together, for the first time, various strands of inquiry and up-to-date research in the study of collective emotions and related phenomena. In focusing on conceptual, theoretical, and methodological issues in collective emotion research, the volume narrows the gap between the wealth of studies on individual emotions and inquiries into collective emotions. The book catches up with a renewed interest into the collective dimensions of emotions and their close relatives, for example emotional climates, atmospheres, communities, and intergroup emotions. This interest is propelled by a more general increase in research on the social and interpersonal aspects of emotion on the one hand, and by trends in philosophy and cognitive science towards refined conceptual analyses of collective entities and the collective properties of cognition on the other hand. The book includes sections on: Conceptual Perspectives; Collective Emotion in Face-to-Face Interactions; The Social-Relational Dimension of Collective Emotion; The Social Consequences of Collective Emotions; Group-Based and Intergroup Emotion; Rituals, Movements, and Social Organization; and Collective Emotions in Online Social Systems. Including contributions from psychologists, philosophers, sociologists, and neuroscience, this volume is a unique and valuable contribution to the affective sciences literature.
Digital Discourse
Author: Crispin Thurlow, Kristine Mroczek
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0199795436
Pages: 364
Year: 2011-10-26
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Chapters cover a range of communicative contexts (journalism, gaming, tourism, leisure, performance, public debate), communicators (professional and lay, young people and adults, intimates and groups), and languages (Irish, Hebrew, Chinese, Finnish, Japanese, German, Greek, Arabic, and French).
Codeswitching on the Web
Author: Lars Hinrichs
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027293309
Pages: 302
Year: 2006-09-28
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Based on a corpus of private email from Jamaican university students, this study explores the discourse functions of Jamaican Creole in computer-mediated communication. From this participant-centered perspective, it contributes to the longstanding theoretical debates in creole studies about the creole continuum. The book will likewise be useful to students of computer-mediated communication, the use and development of non-standardized languages, language ecology, and codeswitching. The central methodological issue in this study is codeswitching in written language, a neglected area of study at the moment since most literature in codeswitching research is based on spoken data. The three analytical chapters present the data in a critical discussion of established and more recent theoretical approaches to codeswitching. Fields that will benefit from this book include interactional sociolinguistics, creole studies, English as a world language, computer-mediated discourse analysis, and linguistic anthropology.

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