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Social Control and Justice
Author: Maria João Guia, Joanne van der Leun
Publisher: Eleven International Pub
ISBN: 9490947784
Pages: 340
Year: 2013-01-01
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This book offers a fresh, multi-disciplinary, and international examination of a phenomenon that has altered the landscape of migration in the United States and is now taking root in Canada and throughout Europe: 'crimmigration law.' Crimmigration law consists of the letter and practice of laws and policies at the intersection of criminal law and immigration law. Crimmigration scholars study the creation of laws and policies, their enforcement, as well as the institutional dynamics that create crimmigration law and are created by it. Many have written about the use of crimmigration law to exert social control over groups marginalized by ethnic bias, class, or citizenship status. This book's contents include: Crimmigration, Securitization, and the Criminal Law of the Crimmigrant * A Reflection on Crimmigration in the Netherlands * Entering the Risk Society: A Contested Terrain for Immigration Enforcement * The Changing Landscape of the Criminalization of Migration in Europe * Disappearing Rights: How States Are Eroding Membership in American Society * The Impact of Immigration Enforcement Outsourcing on Ice Priorities * The Spirit of Crimmigration * Crime and Immigration: The Discourses of Fear as a Theoretical Approach of Critical Evaluation * Recorded Crime Committed by Migrant Groups and Native Dutch in the Netherlands * The Foreign-Born in the Canadian Federal Correctional Population * The Impact of Safety on Levels of Ethnocentrism * The Control of Irregular Migrants and the Criminal Law of the Enemy * Crime among Irregular Immigrants and the Influence of Crimmigration Processes * The Wide Scope of Immigration in the Azores and Its Relationship with Crime * Irregular Immigrants and Their Irish Citizen Children: The Limits of National Citizenship * The Treaty of Prum * Unauthorized Migration
Big Data, Crime and Social Control
Author: Aleš Završnik
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315395762
Pages: 230
Year: 2017-09-20
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From predictive policing to self-surveillance to private security, the potential uses to of big data in crime control pose serious legal and ethical challenges relating to privacy, discrimination, and the presumption of innocence. The book is about the impacts of the use of big data analytics on social and crime control and on fundamental liberties. Drawing on research from Europe and the US, this book identifies the various ways in which law and ethics intersect with the application of big data in social and crime control, considers potential challenges to human rights and democracy and recommends regulatory solutions and best practice. This book focuses on changes in knowledge production and the manifold sites of contemporary surveillance, ranging from self-surveillance to corporate and state surveillance. It tackles the implications of big data and predictive algorithmic analytics for social justice, social equality, and social power: concepts at the very core of crime and social control. This book will be of interest to scholars and students of criminology, sociology, politics and socio-legal studies.
Understanding Social Control
Author: Innes, Martin
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335225888
Pages: 190
Year: 2003-12-01
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This book investigates how the concept of social control has been used to capture the ways in which individuals, communities and societies respond to a variety of forms of deviant behaviour. in so doing, the book demonstrates how an appreciation of the meanings of the concept of social control is vital to understanding the dynamics and trajectories of social order in contemporary late-modern societies.
Crime, Justice, and Social Control
Author: Christine Curtis, Stuart Henry
Publisher: Cognella Academic Publishing
ISBN: 1621315320
Pages: 338
Year: 2012-09-21
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The anthology "Crime, Justice, and Social Control" explores formal and informal dimensions of social control and demonstrates that law and the criminal justice system are set within the wider context of social control. Combining theory with key policy issues and offering a wealth of current articles and research, the text addresses the challenges facing criminal justice practitioners, researchers, and elected officials. Part I outlines the origins and types of social control from a sociological perspective to prepare students for analyzing criminal justice and social control issues. Part II builds on these foundational theories by further exploring adjudication and sentencing, policing and investigations, correctional policies and issues, and juvenile justice. Each section raises key questions under discussion by academics, policy makers, and elected officials, and helps students understand the complexity and range of challenges faced by those involved in the criminal justice process. Students have the opportunity to reflect on alternative policy options and formulate personal views about social control. Topics include: Banning Deviant Behavior; Social Class and Crime; Wrongful Convictions; Racial Profiling; and Morality, Ethics, and the Death Penalty. The selections are written in an accessible style and deal with high interest topics such as the public response to youth wearing hoodies, school violence, and discipline. Christine Curtis undergraduate and graduate education is in sociology, with an emphasis in criminology. Professor Curtis teaches courses in Social Control and Research Methods for the School of Public Affairs Criminal Justice program at San Diego State University. She has been the principal investigator on numerous state and federally funded research projects related to law enforcement, courts, corrections, and juvenile justice. In addition, Professor Curtis served as the president of the Western Society of Criminology, and in 2010 she received the prestigious June Morrison-Tom Gitchoff Founders Award for significant improvement in the quality of justice. She is the current co-editor of "Western Criminology Review." Stuart Henry earned his Ph.D. at the University of Kent, United Kingdom. Dr. Henry is a professor of criminal justice and Director of the School of Public Affairs at San Diego State University. He is the author or editor of 28 books, and over 100 professional journal articles on topics ranging from criminological theory and deviant behavior, to law and society, and occupational crime. His books include "The Hidden Economy, Criminological Theory, Constitutive Criminology, What is Crime?, Essential Criminology, The Politics of Interdisciplinary Studies," and "Social Deviance." Dr. Henry is the current co-editor of "Western Criminology Review.""
Social Control in Europe: 1500-1800
Author: Herman Roodenburg
Publisher: Ohio State University Press
ISBN: 0814209688
Pages: 826
Year: 2004
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This first volume of a two-volume collection of essays provides a comprehensive examination of the idea of social control in the history of Europe. The uniqueness of these volumes lies in two main areas. First, the contributors compare methods of social control on many levels, from police to shaming, church to guilds. Second, they look at these formal and informal institutions as two-way processes. Unlike many studies of social control in the past, the scholars here examine how individuals and groups that are being controlled necessarily participate in and shape the manner in which they are regulated. Hardly passive victims of discipline and control, these folks instead claimed agency in that process, accepting and resisting -- and thus molding -- the controls under which they functioned. The essays in this volume focus on the interplay of ecclesiastical institutions and the emerging states, examining discipline from a bottom-up perspective. Book jacket.
Social Control
Author: James J. Chriss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745680747
Pages: 258
Year: 2013-06-13
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What is social control? How do social controls become part of everyday life? What role does the criminal justice system play in exerting control? Is the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness a form of social control? Do we need more social controls to prevent terrorist atrocities? In this new edition of his popular and engaging introduction, James J. Chriss carefully guides readers through the debates about social control. The book provides a comprehensive guide to historical debates and more recent controversies, examining in detail the criminal justice system, medicine, everyday life, and national security. Assuming no specialist knowledge on the part of readers, Chriss uses a rich range of contemporary examples to illustrate the ways in which social control is exerted and maintained. The updated edition includes new and expanded discussion of the 2011 Tucson shootings, post-9/11 counterterrorism laws in the transition from the Bush to the Obama administrations, the death of bin Laden, racial profiling, housing segregation and white flight, hate crimes, (counter)surveillance and flash mobs, the diagnosis of conditions such as ADHD, and agents of socialization in the areas of work and consumption, religion, the family, and the mass media. This new edition of Social Control: An Introduction will be essential reading for students taking courses in deviance and social control, and will also appeal to those studying criminology, the sociology of law, and medical sociology.
Partial Justice
Author: Nicole Hahn Rafter
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 0887388264
Pages: 290
Year: 1990-01-01
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Contemporary Research on crime, prisons, and social control has largely ignored women. Partial Justice, the only full-scale study of the origins and development of women's prisons in the United States, traces their evolution from the late eighteenth century to the present day. It shows that the character of penal treatment was involved in the very definition of womanhood for incarcerated women, a definition that varied by race and social class. Rafter traces the evolution of women's prisons, showing that it followed two markedly different models. Custodial institutions for women literally grew out of men's penitentiaries, starting from a separate room for women. Eventually women were housed in their own separate facilities–a development that ironically inaugurated a continuing history of inmate neglect. Then, later in the nineteenth century, women convicted of milder offenses, such as morals charges, were placed into a new kind of institution. The reformatory was a result of middle-class reform movements, and it attempted to rehabilitate to a degree unknown in men's prisons. Tracing regional and racial variations in these two branches of institutions over time, Rafter finds that the criminal justice system has historically meted out partial justice to female inmates. Women have benefited in neither case. Partial Justice draws in first-hand accounts, legislative documents, reports by investigatory commissions, and most importantly, the records of over 4,600 female prisoners taken from the original registers of five institutions. This second edition includes two new chapters that bring the story into the present day and discusses measures now being used to challenge the partial justice women have historically experienced.
Race, Ethnicity and Law
Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1787146030
Pages: 304
Year: 2017-06-01
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This new volume of Sociology of Crime, Deviance and Law addresses issues of race and ethnicity within the law and law-related phenomena.
Surveillance, Crime and Social Control
Author: Dean Wilson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351896741
Pages: 610
Year: 2017-05-15
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Post 9/11 the need for an expansion of surveillance and greater expenditure on surveillance capabilities has been argued for by government and industry to help combat terrorism. This has been coupled with increasing incorporation of surveillance technologies into the routine practice of criminal justice. This important collection draws together key contemporary writings to explore how the surveillance gaze has been directed in the name of crime control. Key issues include theories on surveillance, CCTV, undercover police surveillance, bodies databases and technologies, and surveillance futures. It will be an essential collection for law librarians and criminologists.
Crime and Social Control
Author: Robert Douglas White, Santina Perrone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019551419X
Pages: 394
Year: 2005
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Crime and Social Control provides a basic overview of the ways in which the state intervenes in the lives of offenders, victims, and members of the wider community. It introduces the key players in the criminal justice system, shows how state agencies and social institutions respond (and create) offensive behaviour, surveys the strengths and weaknesses of existing forms and methods of crime control, and describes the development of general theories and practices of criminal justice over time. Substantially revised and updated, the new edition of Crime and Social Control retains its reader-friendly style and incorporates new material and references consistent with the changes to institutions and the criminal justice system. New material covered in the book includes private policing, police accountability, ethnic minority young people, zero tolerance policy, and the Courts.
Young People and Social Control
Author: Ross Deuchar, Kalwant Bhopal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319529080
Pages: 183
Year: 2017-07-18
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This book explores young people’s experiences of social control and the state, especially those living at the margins of society within the UK. In particular, the book focuses on disadvantaged young people’s experiences in education, in the labour market, with police and within the criminal justice system. It draws upon insights gathered by the authors in Scotland and England via in-depth interviews with, and observation of, young people in multiple settings and the barriers they come across in terms of justice, equity and inclusion. Deuchar and Bhopal present a range of creative and engaging case studies that illustrate where barriers have been broken down between young people and the agents of social control and elucidate upon how a sense of justice and inclusion has emerged. With its wide-ranging, multi-perspective approach, this study will be essential reading for scholars and students of sociology, criminology and youth studies, as well as holding appeal for policy-makers and practitioners.
Crime Control and Social Justice
Author: Darnell Felix Hawkins, Samuel L. Myers, Randolph N. Stone
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313307903
Pages: 488
Year: 2003
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This collection examines the perennial tension between society's need to protect its citizens from crime, while assuring that the crime control and reduction measures that it enacts do not deny basic rights or exacerbate the socioeconomic inequality that gives rise to disparate rates of offending. Focusing largely on developments in criminal justice policies and practices enacted during the last few decades, the essays in this volume explore the delicate balance between governmental crime control efforts and professed goals of promoting social justice and protecting civil liberties.
Author: Issa Kohler-Hausmann
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400890357
Pages: 328
Year: 2018-04-03
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An in-depth look at the consequences of New York City’s dramatically expanded policing of low-level offenses Felony conviction and mass incarceration attract considerable media attention these days, yet the most common criminal-justice encounters are for misdemeanors, not felonies, and the most common outcome is not prison. In the early 1990s, New York City launched an initiative under the banner of Broken Windows policing to dramatically expand enforcement against low-level offenses. Misdemeanorland is the first book to document the fates of the hundreds of thousands of people hauled into lower criminal courts as part of this policing experiment. Drawing on three years of fieldwork inside and outside of the courtroom, in-depth interviews, and analysis of trends in arrests and dispositions of misdemeanors going back three decades, Issa Kohler-Hausmann argues that lower courts have largely abandoned the adjudicative model of criminal law administration in which questions of factual guilt and legal punishment drive case outcomes. Due to the sheer volume of arrests, lower courts have adopted a managerial model--and the implications are troubling. Kohler-Hausmann shows how significant volumes of people are marked, tested, and subjected to surveillance and control even though about half the cases result in some form of legal dismissal. She describes in harrowing detail how the reach of America's penal state extends well beyond the shocking numbers of people incarcerated in prisons or stigmatized by a felony conviction. Revealing and innovative, Misdemeanorland shows how the lower reaches of our criminal justice system operate as a form of social control and surveillance, often without adjudicating cases or imposing formal punishment.
New Directions in the Study of Justice, Law, and Social Control
Author: School of Justice Studies
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489936084
Pages: 282
Year: 2013-11-11
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The publication of this anthology culminates what began as a Visiting Distinguished Scholars Lecture Series sponsored by the School of Jus tice Studies. When Dr. John M. Johnson was awarded the Arizona State University Graduate College's Distinguished Research Award for 1986- 1987, the School faculty voted to use the accompanying stipend to bring several scholars to campus. Each visiting scholar was commis sioned to present an original paper on contemporary issues in justice and to meet with graduate students and faculty during a week-long visit to campus. This collection of essays promotes wide-ranging conceptions of justice. As first conceived, we sought to bring an interdisciplinary per spective to the study of justice as a way of intellectually extending the current focus of research and teaching. As it developed, the collection permitted us to reflect on our own instructional program in law and the social sciences and to promote a conception of social conflict and control which includes social, political, economic, and legal controls.
Military Justice and Social Control
Author: Aldo Vladimir García Guevara
Pages: 291
Year: 2007
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Between 1931 and 1960, Salvadoran praetorian regimes combined repression and reward to convince the public, nationally and internationally, that they were best equipped to rule the tiny nation. Shortly after taking power, in 1932 the military repressed a peasant rebellion, killed 10,000 people and blamed rural oligarchs and Liberal demagogues and communist agitators for the revolt and massacre. Both the regimes of General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (1931-1944) and those of Colonels Oscar Osorio and José María Lemus (1948-1960) of the Revolutionary Party for Democratic Unification (PRUD) provided rewards for their political clients and repressed their enemies, who they often labeled Communists and subversives and linked with the chaos of the 1932 rebellion. In order to marginalize political opponents and centralize rule, they aggressively repressed "plots" against the regimes to reassign, exile, beat and sometimes kill their enemies. By manipulating newspaper coverage they also portrayed a social order that despite not matching the lived reality of Salvadorans contrasted with the chaos of 1932. Because the country changed dramatically, growing in population and rapidly urbanizing, political leaders under the PRUD allied themselves with different groups than did Martínez, or in the martinato, . Under the martinato, peasants and indigenous Salvadorans provided tacit support but the Revolutionary Party was much more focused on the cities. Fearing an urban opposition, they reorganized the police, but neither regime convinced the public of their goodwill. Despite their inability to substantively reduce crime or juvenile delinquency, the military convinced people that they made genuine efforts to provide social justice to the majority of Salvadorans. Embracing traditionalism and patriarchy, as well as social order, the military built alliances with, and glorified the image of the women of the urban markets. In contrast, prostitutes and street peddlers did not meet the standards of the praetorian social order and were demonized and repressed. Although the military was unable to provide effective social services, successfully repress dissent and criminality, or eliminate dissent, they nonetheless convinced a substantial majority that the costs of opposition were greater than the benefits of working with the regime.

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