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The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China:
Author: Joseph Needham, Colin A. Ronan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052146773X
Pages: 384
Year: 1995-09-14
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This fifth volume of Colin Ronan's abridgement of Joseph Needham's monumental work is concerned with the remarkable engineering feats made during the early and medieval periods. No other country did more in civil engineering, both as to scale and skill, than China. The book opens with an account of the road system, which compared favorably with that of the Roman Empire. Naturally, the Great Wall of China is covered in some detail within the social context of walls, which--more than any other structure--mark the basic features of Chinese communities. The Chinese genius for town planning and achievements in hydraulic engineering are covered in later chapters. This book provides many clues as to the influence of Chinese innovation on Western engineering trends and will fascinate readers who are interested in the history of science and Chinese civilization.
Science and Civilisation in China
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521070600
Pages: 931
Year: 1970-06-01
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As Dr Needham's immense undertaking gathers momentum it has been found necessary to subdivide volumes into parts, each bound and published separately. The first two parts of Volume IV deal respectively with the physical sciences and with the diverse applications of physics in the many branches of mechanical engineering. The third deals with civil and hydraulic engineering and with nautical technology.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3, Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and the Earth
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521058015
Pages: 926
Year: 1959-01-01
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After two volumes mainly introductory, Dr Needham now embarks upon his systematic study of the development of the natural sciences in China. The Sciences of the Earth follow: geography and cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Dr Needham distinguishes parallel traditions of scientific cartography and religious cosmography in East and West, discussing orbocentric wheel-maps, the origins of the rectangular grid system, sailing charts and relief maps, Chinese survey methods, and the impact of Renaissance cartography on the East. Finally-and here Dr Needham's work has no Western predecessors-there are full accounts of the Chinese contribution to geology and mineralogy.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 1, Physics
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521058023
Pages: 468
Year: 1962-01
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Dr Needham's fourth volume traces the development of physics and physical technology in ancient and medieval China. It is conveniently divided into three separate parts, the present volume, IV:1, dealing with physics as such, IV:2 with mechanical engineering and IV:3 with civil engineering and nautics.
Science and Civilisation in China
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521087325
Pages: 283
Year: 2004
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Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 1, Paper and Printing
Author: Joseph Needham, Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521086906
Pages: 504
Year: 1985-07-11
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Part one of the fifth volume of Joseph Needham's great enterprise is written by one of the project's collaborators. Professor Tsien Tsuen-Hsuin, working in regular consultation with Dr Needham, has written the most comprehensive account of every aspect of paper and printing in China to be published in the West. From a close study of the vast mass of source material, Professor Tsien brings order and illumination to an area of technology which has been of profound importance in the spread of civilisation. The main body of the book is a detailed study of the invention, technology and aesthetic development of printing in China. From the growth and ultimate refinements of early woodcut printing to the spread of printing from movable type and the development of book-binding, Professor Tsien carries the story forward to the beginning of the nineteenth century when 'more printed pages existed in Chinese than in all other languages put together'.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2, History of Scientific Thought
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521058007
Pages: 697
Year: 1956-01-03
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The second volume of Dr Joseph Needham's great work Science and Civilisation in China is devoted to the history of scientific thought. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the Confucian milieu in which arose the organic naturalism of the great Taoist school, the scientific philosophy of the Mohists and Logicians, and the quantitative materialism of the Legalists. Thus we are brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese middle ages. The author opens his discussion by considering the remote and pictographic origins of words fundamental in scientific discourse, and then sets forth the influential doctrines of the Two Forces and the Five Elements. Subsequently he writes of the important sceptical tradition, the effects of Buddhist thought, and the Neo-Confucian climax of Chinese naturalism. Last comes a discussion of the conception of Laws of Nature in China and the West.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 2, Spagyrical Discovery and Invention: Magisteries of Gold and Immortality
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521085713
Pages: 600
Year: 1974-09-27
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The fifth volume of Dr Needham's immense undertaking, like the fourth, is subdivided into parts for ease of assimilation and presentation, each part bound and published separately. The volume as a whole covers the subjects of alchemy, early chemistry, and chemical technology (which includes military invention, especially gunpowder and rockets; paper and printing; textiles; mining and metallurgy; the salt industry; and ceramics).
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 6, Medicine
Author: Joseph Needham, Lu Gwei-Djen, Nathan Sivin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521632625
Pages: 280
Year: 2000-04-13
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A further volume in Joseph Needham's magisterial revelation on China which introduces the history of medicine.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 3, Agro-Industries and Forestry
Author: Christian Daniels, Joseph Needham, Nicholas K. Menzies
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521419999
Pages: 770
Year: 1996-06-20
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Volume 6. Part III of Science and Civilisation in China contains two separate works. The first, by Christian Daniels, is a comprehensive history of Chinese sugar cane technology from ancient times to the early twentieth century. The second, by Nicholas K. Menzies, is a history of forestry in China.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 5, Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Part 12, Ceramic Technology
Author: Rose Kerr, Joseph Needham, Nigel Wood
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521838339
Pages: 968
Year: 2004-10-14
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How were Chinese pots made, glazed and fired? Why did China discover porcelain more than one thousand years before the West? What are the effects of China's influence on world ceramics? These questions (and many more) are answered in this lavishly-illustrated history of Chinese ceramic technology. The scene is set through the use of historical texts, archaeological excavation, and the principles of ceramic science. Chapters follow on the formation of clays and their relation to the underlying geologies of China, on firing, on manufacturing methods and sequences, on glazes, pigments and gilding, and on the impact of Chinese ceramic technology around the world, from the seventh to the twenty-first centuries. This is a volume unique in its coverage, which brings together research materials in several languages for the first time. With additional contributions by Ts'ai Mei-fen (National Palace Museum, Taipei) and Zhang Fukang (Shanghai Institute of Ceramics).
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 1, Botany
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521087317
Pages: 756
Year: 1986-02-06
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The volume as a whole covers the subjects of biology and biological technology.
Science and Civilisation in China: Military technology : the gunpowder epic
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521303583
Pages: 703
Year: 1974
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Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 4, Physics and Physical Technology, Part 2, Mechanical Engineering
Author: Joseph Needham
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521058031
Pages: 816
Year: 1965-01-02
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As Dr Needham's immense undertaking gathers momentum it has been found necessary to subdivide volumes into parts, each to be bound and published separately. The first part of Volume 4, already published, deals with the physical sciences; the second with the diverse applications of physics in the many branches of mechanical engineering; and the third will deal with civil and hydraulic engineering and nautical technology. With this part of Volume 4, then, we come to the application by the Chinese of physical principles in the control of forces and in the use of power; we cross the frontier separating tools from the machine. We have already noticed that the ancient Chinese concept of chhi (somewhat similar to the pneuma of the Greeks) asserted itself prominently in acoustics; but we discover here that the Chinese tendency to think pneumatically was also responsible for a whole range of brilliant technological achievements, for example, the double-acting piston-bellows, the rotary winnowing-fan, and the water-powered metallurgical blowing-machine (ancestor of the steam-engine); as well as for some extraordinary insights and predictions in aeronautics.
Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 6, Biology and Biological Technology, Part 2, Agriculture
Author: Joseph Needham, Francesca Bray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521250765
Pages: 768
Year: 1984-04-19
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This second part of the sixth volume of Joeph Needham's great enterprise is an account of the technological history of agriculture, with major sections devoted to field systems, implements and techniques (sowing, harvesting, storing) and crop systems (what has grown and where and how crops rotated).