Regard De Lanatomiste Dissections Et Invention Du Corps En Occident Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Le Regard de l'anatomiste. Dissections et invention du corps en Occident
Author: Rafael Mandressi
Publisher: Le Seuil
ISBN: 2021008657
Pages: 350
Year: 2009-10-01T00:00:00+02:00
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Dès la fin du Moyen Âge, des dissections anatomiques commencèrent à être pratiquées, en Europe, sur des cadavres humains. À partir de la Rennaissance, l'ouverture de corps morts à des fins d'enseignement et de recherche se généralisa, et prit un extraordinaire essor qui s'est prolongé jusqu'au début du xixe siècle. L'Occident moderne a vu s'instaurer, à travers l'anatomie, un regard spécifique, fondé sur la fragmentation, la mise en pièces du corps, soumis également à une véritable colonisation: on en a dressé les cartes, on a établi une nomenclature, on a découvert des régions, des parcelles dans une chair que l'on explorait en la découpant. En tant que dispositif de connaissance, l'anatomie a façonné son objet. Ce fut l'invention d'un corps: segmenté, architectural, mécanique. Or à la base du travail des anatomistes on retrouve un paradoxe majeur: ils s'attaquaient à des corps morts, alors qu'il s'agissait de comprendre le vivant. Le cadavre, source d'effroi et de répulsion, dicta aussi ses règles et posa ses limites au savoir qui en fit sa matière première. Au croisement de la médecine, de l'esthétique, de la religion, des discours les plus variés et des cadres mêmes de la pensée s'est constituée, en Occident, une "civilisation de l'anatomie". Ce livre en propose un parcours, afin de tracer les contours des principaux traits de la construction historique d'un corps et d'une sensibilité qui, à plusieurs égards, sont encore les nôtres aujourd'hui. R. M.
Anatomy and Anatomists in Early Modern Spain
Author: Bjørn Okholm Skaarup
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1472448286
Pages: 298
Year: 2015-03-28
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Taking the Vesalian anatomical revolution as its point of departure, this volume charts the apparent rise and fall of anatomy studies within universities in sixteenth-century Spain, focussing particularly on primary sources from 1550 to 1600. In doing so, it both clarifies the Spanish contribution to the field of anatomy and disentangles the distorted political and historiographical viewpoints emerging from previous research. Studies of early modern Iberian science have only been carried out coherently and collaboratively in the last few decades, even though fierce debates on the subject have dominated Spanish historiography for more than two centuries. In the field of anatomy studies, many uninformed and biased readings of archival sources have resulted in a very confused picture of the practice of dissection and the teaching of anatomy in the Iberian Peninsula, in which the highly complex conditions of anatomical research within Spain’s national context are often oversimplified. The new empirical evidence that this book brings to light suggests a far more multifaceted narrative of Iberian Renaissance anatomy than has been presented to date.
The Courtiers' Anatomists
Author: Anita Guerrini
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022624766X
Pages: 344
Year: 2015-05-27
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"The Courtiers Anatomists" is about dead bodies and live animals in Louis XIV s Paris. By exploring the practice of seventeenth-century anatomy, Anita Guerrini reveals how animals were central to collecting, describing, and classifyingnatural historyand how anatomy and natural history were linked through animal dissection and vivisection. She looks at the early modern animal project, and particularly at Joseph-Guichard Duverney and Claude Perrault, in the context of the court, the city of Paris, and burgeoning audiences for natural history. The Academy and the King s Garden were the two main sites in Paris for the performance of natural history, and much of the Scientific Revolution in France played itself out in these two public institutions. Fascinating stories are culled in "The Courtiers Anatomists" to explore the relationships between empiricism and theory, human and animal, the origins of the natural history museum and modern science, and the relationship between science and other cultural activities including art, music, and literature. This book will be warmly welcomed by historians of science, medicine, and France, as well as by early modernists and many others in the growing field of animal studies."
Anatomy and the Organization of Knowledge, 1500–1850
Author: Brian Muñoz, Matthew Landers
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317320913
Pages: 272
Year: 2015-10-06
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Across early modern Europe, the growing scientific practice of dissection prompted new and insightful ideas about the human body. This collection of essays explores the impact of anatomical knowledge on wider issues of learning and culture.
The Anatomist
Author: Federico Andahazi
Publisher:
ISBN: 0552999466
Pages: 254
Year: 1999-09
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Mateo Columbo, the most famous physician in 16th century Italy, finds himself behind bars at the behest of the Church authorities. He has been charged with heresy, not for organizing a team of body snatchers, but for uncovering the clitoris.
Le corps extrême dans les sociétés occidentales
Author: Olivier Sirost
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2296388892
Pages: 344
Year: 2005-03-01
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Corps difformes, corps en souffrance, défis à la pesanteur, confrontations aux éléments naturels déchaînés, expériences sexuelles violentes, jeux avec la mort... Les manières de figurer le corps extrême font florès et semblent incarner l'esprit du temps. C'est la société d'aujourd'hui qui se révèle dans ces figures contemporaines du corps : exhibition sur internet, concours de beauté, piercing, sports libres, épreuves d'endurance, soldats d'élite, sumos et culturistes... Les usages paroxystiques du corps, ses expériences singulières désacralisent nos convictions profondes, déstabilisent l'ordre établi.
Scholarly Knowledge
Author: Emidio Campi
Publisher: Librairie Droz
ISBN: 2600011862
Pages: 445
Year: 2008-01-01
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Any attempt to understand the roles that textbooks played for early modern teachers and pupils must begin with the sobering realization that the field includes many books that the German word Lehrbuch and its English counterpart do not call to mind. The early modern classroom was shaken by the same knowledge explosion that took place in individual scholars' libraries and museums, and transformed by the same printers, patrons and vast cultural movements that altered the larger world it served. In the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries, the urban grammar school, the German Protestant Gymnasium and the Jesuit College, all of which did so much to form the elites of early modern Europe, took shape; the curricula of old and new universities fused humanistic with scholastic methods in radically novel ways. By doing so, they claimed a new status for both the overt and the tacit knowledge that made their work possible. This collected volume presents case studies by renowned experts, among them Ann Blair, Jill Kraye, Juergen Leonhardt, Barbara Mahlmann-Bauer and Nancy Siraisi.
Arnaldi de Villanova Opera medica omnia: De amore heroico; De dosi tyriacalium
Author: Arnaldus (de Villanova)
Publisher: Edicions Universitat Barcelona
ISBN: 847528180X
Pages: 108
Year: 1985
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Histoire du corps: Les mutations du regard
Author: Alain Corbin, Jean-Jacques Courtine, Georges Vigarello
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages:
Year: 2005
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Histoire du corps
Author: Alain Corbin, Jean-Jacques Courtine, Georges Vigarello
Publisher:
ISBN: 2020224534
Pages: 442
Year: 2005
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Ce corps physique, matériel, peut être touché, senti, contemplé. Les savants le manipulent et le dissèquent. Ils mesurent sa masse, sa densité, son volume, sa température. Ils analysent son mouvement. Ils le travaillent. Mais ce corps des anatomistes, des physiologistes et des gymnastes diffère radicalement du corps qui souffre ou qui jouit. Or, le plus souvent, les historiens se sont montrés oublieux de la tension instaurées entre l'objet de science, de travail, le corps productif, expérimental, le corps inclus dans l'univers technico-scientifique contemporain et le corps qui éprouve le plaisir ou la douleur. C'est le rétablissement d'un équilibre entre ces deux perspectives qui est tenté dans ce livre. Le long XIXe siècle dont il est ici question était en outre suffisamment riche de novations pour justifier que l'accent fût mis sur des processus aussi actifs que l'emprise de la médecine anatomo-clinique et de la phrénologie, l'avènement de l'anesthésie, l'élaboration d'un imaginaire de la relation charnelle, l'émergence de la sexologie, l'essor de la gymnastique et du sport, l'apparition de nouvelles machines imposées par la révolution industrielle, ou le dessin de nouvelles représentations sociales du corps.
Doctor Olaf van Schuler's Brain
Author: Kirsten Menger-Anderson
Publisher: Algonquin Books
ISBN: 1565126718
Pages: 290
Year: 2008-10-09
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“An ingenious and appealing collection of linked stories” about archaic medical procedures, centuries of history, and one remarkable New York City family (Chicago Sun-Times). In 1664, Dr. Olaf van Schuler flees the Old World and arrives in New Amsterdam with his lunatic mother, two bags of medical implements, and a carefully guarded book. He is the first in what will become a long line of peculiar physicians. Plagued by madness and guided by an intense desire to cure human affliction, each generation of this unusual family is driven by the science of its day: spontaneous combustion, phrenology, animal magnetism, electrical shock treatment, psychosurgery, genetic research. As they make their way in the world, New York City is also evolving—from the dark and rough days of the seventeenth century to the towering, frenetic metropolis of today. “Good literary fiction about science and scientists is hard to find, probably because it is so hard to write. . . . Fortunately there are some writers who bridge the gap well: Richard Powers, Andrea Barrett, and Alan Lightman, to name a few. And, now, Kirsten Menger-Anderson, whose debut, Doctor Olaf van Schuler’s Brain, offers sharp, entertaining, moving, and above all provocative stories about doctors and their work and raises profound questions about the role of medicine in American life. . . . Darkly funny, often sad, frequently frightening, and sometimes hopeful, they are the product of a gifted literary writer.” —The Boston Globe “A fascinating kaleidoscope ride across generations of physicians and their patients . . . In this quirky, moving collection, Menger-Anderson illustrates the power of medicine—and family.” —San Francisco Chronicle “An unforgettable literary experience.” —Mary Roach, author of Stiff
The Comparative Anatomy of the Domesticated Animals
Author: Auguste Chauveau
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 1084
Year: 1873
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The Penguin Freud Reader
Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141912065
Pages: 592
Year: 2006-01-26
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Here are the essential ideas of psychoanalytic theory, including Freud's explanations of such concepts as the Id, Ego and Super-Ego, the Death Instinct and Pleasure Principle, along with classic case studies like that of the Wolf Man. Adam Phillips's marvellous selection provides an ideal overview of Freud's thought in all its extraordinary ambition and variety. Psychoanalysis may be known as the 'talking cure', yet it is also and profoundly, a way of reading. Here we can see Freud's writings as readings and listenings, deciphering the secrets of the mind, finding words for desires that have never found expression. Much more than this, however, The Penguin Freud Reader presents a compelling reading of life as we experience it today, and a way in to the work of one of the most haunting writers of the modern age.
Fractures
Author: Leonard F. Peltier
Publisher: Norman Publishing
ISBN: 0930405161
Pages: 273
Year: 1990
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Frakturen / Behandlung / Geschichte.
The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese Medicine
Author: Shigehisa Kuriyama
Publisher:
ISBN: 0942299892
Pages: 340
Year: 2002
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The Expressiveness of the Body meditates on the contrasts between the human body described in classical Greek medicine and the body as envisaged by physicians in ancient China.

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