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Os anjos bons da nossa natureza
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Editora Companhia das Letras
ISBN: 858086643X
Pages: 1088
Year: 2013-03-28
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Em seu primeiro discurso como presidente dos Estados Unidos, em 1861, Abraham Lincoln apelou aos "anjos bons de nossa natureza" quando pediu à região sul do país, escravagista, que evitasse uma guerra contra o norte abolicionista. Sua súplica não foi atendida, e os americanos deram início ao conflito mais mortal de sua história. Banhos de sangue como a Guerra Civil Americana, porém, estão cada vez mais restritos ao passado, e estudiosos tentam hoje entender por que a sociedade contemporânea recorre menos à violência para resolver disputas. Em Os anjos bons da nossa natureza, o psicólogo canadense Steven Pinker toma para si o desafio duplo de responder a essa questão e de explicar as razões pelas quais as pessoas têm trilhado o caminho da paz com mais frequência, seja nas relações interpessoais, seja na diplomacia global. Não é fácil enxergar essa tendência, reconhece Pinker. A constatação de que a taxa de homicídios em países europeus caiu entre 90% e 98% desde a Idade Média, por exemplo, acaba sendo ofuscada pelo fato de que o continente passou pelo maior genocídio de sua história há menos de um século. Como teste de sanidade, o autor se respalda nas mais completas fontes de informação disponíveis para enxergar o processo de pacificação. Os anjos bons da nossa natureza cobre toda a escala de tempo da história humana, baseando-se em levantamentos de dados em arqueologia, estatísticas de criminalidade, contagens de baixas em guerras e outras formas de registro da violência. Numa empreitada multidisciplinar que envolve história, ciências sociais e psicologia, o autor constrói uma teoria robusta e coerente, que já constitui referência fundamental sobre o assunto. Mantendo o estilo afiado de seus livros anteriores, Pinker se destaca por sua clareza de argumentação, que é acessível ao público geral mas não recorre a banalizações.
The Better Angels of Our Nature
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Penguin Group USA
ISBN: 0143122010
Pages: 802
Year: 2012-09
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Presents a controversial history of violence which argues that today's world is the most peaceful time in human existence, drawing on psychological insights into intrinsic values that are causing people to condemn violence as an acceptable measure.
Enlightenment Now
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0525427570
Pages: 556
Year: 2018
View: 1181
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An assessment of the human condition in the twenty-first century presents data demonstrating that life quality, health, prosperity, safety, peace, knowledge, and happiness are on the rise throughout the world because of the Enlightenment ideal of using reason and science.
Do Humankind's Best Days Lie Ahead
Author: Steven Pinker, Matt Ridley, Alain de Botton, Malcolm Gladwell
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
ISBN: 1786070774
Pages: 128
Year: 2016-10-03
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Four of the world’s most renowned thinkers take on one of the biggest debates of the modern era. “It’s just a brute fact that we don't throw virgins into volcanoes any more. We don't execute people for shoplifting a cabbage. And we used to.” - Steven Pinker “The idea that because things have gotten better in the past they will continue to do so in the future is a fallacy I would have thought confined to the lower reaches of Wall Street.” - Malcolm Gladwell
How the Mind Works
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393069737
Pages: 672
Year: 2009-06-22
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“A model of scientific writing: erudite, witty, and clear.” —New York Review of Books In this Pulitzer Prize finalist and national bestseller, one of the world's leading cognitive scientists tackles the workings of the human mind. What makes us rational—and why are we so often irrational? How do we see in three dimensions? What makes us happy, afraid, angry, disgusted, or sexually aroused? Why do we fall in love? And how do we grapple with the imponderables of morality, religion, and consciousness? ?How the Mind Works? synthesizes the most satisfying explanations of our mental life from cognitive science, evolutionary biology, and other fields to explain what the mind is, how it evolved, and how it allows us to see, think, feel, laugh, interact, enjoy the arts, and contemplate the mysteries of life. This new edition of Pinker's bold and buoyant classic is updated with a new foreword by the author.
Mind, Character, and Personality
Author: Ellen Gould Harmon White
Publisher: Review and Herald Pub Assoc
ISBN: 0828016380
Pages:
Year: 2001
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Steps to Christ
Author: Ellen G. White
Publisher: Masterlab
ISBN: 8363625299
Pages: 168
Year: 1893
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Few books attain a distribution reckoned in millions or exert so great an influence in the uplifting of humanity as has Steps to Christ.
Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics
Author: Richard H. Thaler
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 0393246779
Pages: 336
Year: 2015-05-11
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Get ready to change the way you think about economics. Richard H. Thaler has spent his career studying the radical notion that the central agents in the economy are humans—predictable, error-prone individuals. Misbehaving is his arresting, frequently hilarious account of the struggle to bring an academic discipline back down to earth—and change the way we think about economics, ourselves, and our world. Traditional economics assumes rational actors. Early in his research, Thaler realized these Spock-like automatons were nothing like real people. Whether buying a clock radio, selling basketball tickets, or applying for a mortgage, we all succumb to biases and make decisions that deviate from the standards of rationality assumed by economists. In other words, we misbehave. More importantly, our misbehavior has serious consequences. Dismissed at first by economists as an amusing sideshow, the study of human miscalculations and their effects on markets now drives efforts to make better decisions in our lives, our businesses, and our governments. Coupling recent discoveries in human psychology with a practical understanding of incentives and market behavior, Thaler enlightens readers about how to make smarter decisions in an increasingly mystifying world. He reveals how behavioral economic analysis opens up new ways to look at everything from household finance to assigning faculty offices in a new building, to TV game shows, the NFL draft, and businesses like Uber. Laced with antic stories of Thaler’s spirited battles with the bastions of traditional economic thinking, Misbehaving is a singular look into profound human foibles. When economics meets psychology, the implications for individuals, managers, and policy makers are both profound and entertaining. Shortlisted for the Financial Times & McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award
The Ten Commandments for Business Failure
Author: Donald R. Keough
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101535253
Pages: 208
Year: 2011-06-28
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Don Keough—a former top executive at Coca-Cola and now chairman of the elite investment banking firm Allen & Company—has witnessed plenty of failures in his sixty-year career (including New Coke). He has also been friends with some of the most successful people in business history, including Warren Buffett, Bill Gates, Jack Welch, Rupert Murdoch, and Peter Drucker. Now this elder statesman reveals how great enterprises get into trouble. Even the smartest executives can fall into the trap of believing in their own infallibility. When that happens, more bad decisions are sure to follow. This light-hearted “how-not-to” book includes anecdotes from Keough's long career as well as other infamous failures. His commandments for failure include: Quit Taking Risks; Be Inflexible; Assume Infallibility; Put All Your Faith in Experts; Send Mixed Messages; and Be Afraid of the Future. As he writes, “After a lifetime in business I've never been able to develop a step-by-step formula that will guarantee success. What I could do, however, was talk about how to lose. I guarantee that anyone who follows my formula will be a highly successful loser.”
The Truth about Angels
Author: Ellen Gould Harmon White, White Ellen G
Publisher: Pacific Press Publishing Association
ISBN: 0816320381
Pages: 314
Year: 2015-06
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Selected Messages, Vol. 1
Author:
Publisher: Review and Herald Pub Assoc
ISBN: 0828019916
Pages:
Year: 2006
View: 775
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The Power to Compete
Author: Hiroshi Mikitani, Ryoichi Mikitani
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119000602
Pages: 240
Year: 2014-11-10
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"If you're as interested in Japan as I am, I think you'll find that The Power to Compete is a smart and thought-provoking look at the future of a fascinating country." - Bill Gates, "5 Books to Read This Summer" Father and son – entrepreneur and economist – search for Japan's economic cure The Power to Compete tackles the issues central to the prosperity of Japan – and the world – in search of a cure for the "Japan Disease." As founder and CEO of Rakuten, one of the world's largest Internet companies, author Hiroshi Mikitani brings an entrepreneur's perspective to bear on the country's economic stagnation. Through a freewheeling and candid conversation with his economist father, Ryoichi Mikitani, the two examine the issues facing Japan, and explore possible roadmaps to revitalization. How can Japan overhaul its economy, education system, immigration, public infrastructure, and hold its own with China? Their ideas include applying business techniques like Key Performance Indicators to fix the economy, using information technology to cut government bureaucracy, and increasing the number of foreign firms with a head office in Japan. Readers gain rare insight into Japan's future, from both academic and practical perspectives on the inside. Mikitani argues that Japan's tendency to shun international frameworks and hide from global realities is the root of the problem, while Mikitani Sr.'s background as an international economist puts the issue in perspective for a well-rounded look at today's Japan. Examine the causes of Japan's endless economic stagnation Discover the current efforts underway to enhance Japan's competitiveness Learn how free market "Abenomics" affected Japan's economy long-term See Japan's issues from the perspective of an entrepreneur and an economist Japan's malaise is seated in a number of economic, business, political, and cultural issues, and this book doesn't shy away from hot topics. More than a discussion of economics, this book is a conversation between father and son as they work through opposing perspectives to help their country find The Power to Compete.
The great didactic of John Amos Comenius;
Author: Johann Amos Comenius
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 316
Year: 1907
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Orwell's Revenge
Author: Peter Huber
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1501127705
Pages: 384
Year: 2015-06-30
View: 185
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Mark Zuckerberg's ‘A Year of Books’ Selection George Orwell’s bleak visions of the future, one in which citizens are monitored through telescreens by an insidious Big Brother, has haunted our imagination long after the publication of 1984. Orwell’s dystopian image of the telescreen as a repressive instrument of state power has profoundly affected our view of technology, posing a stark confrontational question: Who will be master, human or machine? Experience has shown, however, that Orwell’s vision of the future was profoundly and significantly wrong: The conjunction of the new communications technologies has not produced a master-slave relation between person and computer, but rather exciting possibilities for partnership. In an extraordinary demonstration of the emerging supermedium's potential to engender new forms of creativity, Huber’s book boldly reimagines 1984 from the computer's point of view. After first scanning all of Orwell’s writings into his personal computer, Huber used the machine to rewrite the book completely, for the most part using Orwell’s own language. Alternating fiction and non-fiction chapters, Huber advances Orwell’s plot to a surprising new conclusion while seamlessly interpolating his own explanations and arguments. The result is a fascinating utopian work which envisions a world at our fingertips of ever-increasing information, equal opportunity, and freedom of choice.
Language, Cognition, and Human Nature
Author: Steven Pinker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199328749
Pages: 378
Year: 2013-11
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Pinker's seminal research explores the workings of language and its connections to cognition, perception, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of human nature. This eclectic collection spans Pinker's thirty-year career, exploring his favorite themes in greater depth and scientific detail. It includes thirteen of Pinker's classic articles, ranging over topics such as language development in children, mental imagery, the recognition of shapes, the computational architecture of the mind, the meaning and uses of verbs, the evolution of language and cognition, the nature-nurture debate, and the logic of innuendo and euphemism. Each outlines a major theory or takes up an argument with another prominent scholar, such as Stephen Jay Gould, Noam Chomsky, or Richard Dawkins.

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