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Marginal Europe
Author: Sidney Pollard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Pages: 327
Year: 1997
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The momentum of the British industrial revolution arose mostly in regions poorly endowed by nature, badly located and considered backward and poor by contemporaries. Sidney Pollard examines the initially surprising contribution made by the population of these and other `marginal areas' (mountains, forests and marshes) to the economic development of Europe since the Middle Ages. He provides case studies of periods in which marginal areas took the lead in economic development, such as theDutch economy in its Golden Age, and in the British industrial revolution. The traditional perception of the populations inhabiting these regions was that they were poor, backward, and intellectually inferior; but Sidney Pollard shows how they also had certain peculiar qualities which predisposed them to initiate progress. Healthy living, freedom, a martial spirit, and the hardiness to survive in harsh conditions enabled them to contribute a unique pioneering ability to pivotal economic periods; illustrating some of the effects of geography upon the development of societies.
The Geopolitics of Europe's Identity
Author: N. Parker
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230610323
Pages: 244
Year: 2008-02-04
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This book pursues an original perspective on Europe's shifting extent and geopolitical standing: how countries and spaces marginal to it impact on Europe as a center. A theoretical discussion of borders and margins is developed, and set against nine studies of countries, regions, and identities seen as marginal to Europe.
Antisemitism in post-communist Eastern Europe
Author: Leon Volovici
Pages: 24
Year: 1994
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Young People's Political Participation in Western Europe
Author: Gema Garcia Albacete
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137341319
Pages: 357
Year: 2014-10-10
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Are young people today politically 'apathetic'? Or are they democratically 'mature' citizens? This book examines several types of involvement to reveal changes in young people's political participation in Europe in recent decades. It uses various concepts of 'age' to compare participation across countries and over time.
Measuring the Marginal Social Cost of Transport
Author: Christopher Nash, Bryan Matthews
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080456030
Pages: 352
Year: 2005-10-20
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Many transport economists have for some time proposed marginal social cost as the principle on which prices in the transport sector should be based and, in recent years, their prescription has come to be taken more and more seriously by policy-makers. However, in order to properly test the possible implications of implementing pricing based on marginal social cost and, ultimately, to introduce such a system, it is necessary to actually measure the marginal social costs concerned, and how they vary according to mode, time and context. This book reviews the transport pricing policy debate and reports on the significant advances made in measuring the marginal social costs of transport, particularly through UNITE and other European research projects. We look in turn at infrastructure, operating costs, user costs (both of congestion and of charges in frequency of scheduled transport services) accidents and environmental costs, and how these estimates have been used to examine the impact of marginal cost pricing in transport. We finish by examining how the results of case studies might be generalised to obtain estimates of marginal social costs for all circumstances and, finally, presenting our conclusions.
Subsidiarity and Economic Reform in Europe
Author: George Gelauff, Isabel Grilo, Arjan Lejour
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540772642
Pages: 341
Year: 2008-04-03
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Subsidiarity in the European Union, as the guiding principle of decision-making "close to the people", is often motivated and discussed from a predominantly political perspective. In this book, experts draw the demarcation between national and European policies from an economic viewpoint. Insights from economic theory and empirical research are used both to analyse the assignment of policies between the EU and its member states and to identify appropriate levels of decision-making.
The Costs of Road Infrastructure and Congestion in Europe
Author: Heike Link, John S. Dodgson, Markus Maibach, Max Herry
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3790812013
Pages: 138
Year: 1999-05-20
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This book presents the results of the study "Infrastructure Capital, Maintenance and Road Damage Costs for Different Heavy Goods Vehicles in the EU" which was commissioned by the European Commission, DG VII. This study supported the preparation of the white book on transport infrastructure charging. The study an European consortium consisting of DIW (German has been conducted by Institute for Economic Research, project leader and responsible for the country reports for Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Sweden), INFRAS (responsible for the country reports for Switzerland, Denmark, Portugal and Greece), Consultancy Dr. Herry (responsible for the country reports for Austria, Finland, France and Italy) and NERA (National Economic Research Associates, responsible for the country reports for the UK, Ireland and Spain). The project ran from November 1997 to March 1998 and was monitored by a steering committee with representatives of the EU-member states. This book is dealing with the calculation of costs for road infrastructure and congestion and the allocation of these costs to vehicle types. It focuses on heavy goods vehicles. This is a topic of high relevance for transport policy both on the national and the EU-Ievel with a long tradition of political and scientific debate. The study contains a comprehensive methodological comparison of existing models for calculating road capital values and capital costs and for allocating infrastructure costs to vehicle types.
Butterflies of Europe
Author: Henry C. Lang
Pages: 396
Year: 1884
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Money and Liberty in Modern Europe
Author: William M. Reddy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521315093
Pages: 264
Year: 1987-01-30
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The concept of class, along with its correlates -m class interest, class conflict, class consciousness - ramain indispensable tools of historical explanation. Yet research over the last twenty-five years, especially on the histories of England, France, and Germany, has revealed an increasingly poor fit between these concepts and the reality they purport to explain. Some historians have reacted by rejecting class; others have proposed bold revisions in our understanding of it that enable it to encompass new research findings. This study does neither. Instead, building on interpretive method Professor Reddy proposes to replace class with an alternative concept that seeks to capture from a new angle the fundamental relations of exchange and authority that have shaped social life in modern Europe.
Efficient Transport for Europe Policies for the Internalisation of External Costs
Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264163182
Pages: 264
Year: 1998-07-17
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This report summarises the theoretical and practical dimensions to internalisation; reviews recent estimates of external costs; explores the mix of policies that might be used to promote internalisation successfully; and estimates the size of incentives required in monetary terms.
55th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production
Author: Ynze van der Honing
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9076998450
Pages: 496
Year: 2004
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This Book of Abstracts is the main publication of the 55th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (EAAP) held in Bled, Slovenia, on 5-9 September 2004. It contains abstracts of the invited papers and contributed presentations. The meeting addressed subjects relating to science and innovation, but in Bled the main theme is "Sustainability of Livestock Systems". Also, important problems were discussed during the sessions of EAAP's nine Commissions: Animal Genetics, Animal Nutrition, Animal Management and Health, Animal Physiology, Livestock Farming Systems, Cattle Production, Sheep and Goat Production, Pig Production and Horse Production. In addition joint sessions on topics interesting several disciplines and species were included in the programme. A total of 2843 authors (741 abstracts) contributed to this publication.
Culture Currents in Marginal Eastern Europe, a Case Study
Author: Vytautas Kavolis
Pages: 334
Year: 1952
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Lights in the Distance
Author: Daniel Trilling
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1786632780
Pages: 304
Year: 2018-09-18
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Immersive, engrossing report on the European refugee crisis A mother puts her children into a refrigerator truck and asks, “What else could I do?” A runaway teenager comes of age on the streets, sleeping in abandoned buildings. A student leaves his war-ravaged country behind because he doesn’t want to kill. Everyone among the thousands of people who come to Europe in search of asylum each year possesses a unique story. But those stories don’t end as they cross into the West. In Lights in the Distance, acclaimed journalist Daniel Trilling draws on years of reporting to build a portrait of the refugee crisis as seen through the eyes of the people who experienced it firsthand. As the European Union has grown, so has a tangled and often violent system designed to filter out unwanted migrants. Visiting camps and hostels, sneaking into detention centers, and delving into his own family’s history of displacement, Trilling weaves together the stories of people he met and followed from country to country. In doing so, he shows that the terms commonly used to define them—“refugee” or “economic migrant,” “legal” or “illegal,” “deserving” or “undeserving”—fall woefully short of capturing the complex realities. The founding story of the EU is that it exists to ensure the horrors of the twentieth century are never repeated. Now, as it comes to terms with the worst refugee crisis since the Second World War, its declared values of freedom, tolerance and respect for human rights are being put to the test. Lights in the Distance is a uniquely powerful and illuminating exploration of the nature and human dimensions of the crisis.
China, Europe and International Security
Author: Frans-Paul van der Putten, Chu Shulong
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0415532531
Pages: 216
Year: 2012-02-01
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This book examines the roles played by China and Europe in the domain of international security in the 21st century. Bringing together Chinese and European expertise on the Sino-European Security relationship , this book positions Europe - both the EU and the major national actors - and China in a global security context. It offers not merely an elaboration of the theme of bilateral security relations, but also introduces a wider view on Europe and China as global security actors. The chapters cover four main themes: the perceptions of and actual relations between Europe and China as security actors; relations of China and Europe with third parties such as the US, Russia, and Iran; Europe and China as actors in multilateral security approaches; Europe and China as (potential) security actors in each other’s technological domain or region. Given the increasingly prominent roles that both China and Europe play in international security as permanent members of the UN Security Council (in the European case, through the informal and partial representation of the UK and France), through their extensive global economic interests, and their important relations with the USA, this book provides a timely examination of the current state and future developments in the Sino-European relationship. This book will be of much interest to students of international security, Chinese politics, EU studies and IR in general.
Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Bd. 21/1 Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Vol. 21/1: Fungi
Author: Holger Thüs, Matthias Schultz
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 382742299X
Pages: 224
Year: 2010-04-11
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Band 21 der „Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa“ beschreibt die aquatischen Pilze. Der vorliegende Teil 21/1 behandelt die Süßwasserflechten (symbiotische Assoziationen von Pilzen mit Grünalgen oder Cyanobakterien), die man in fast allen Fließgewässern mit sauberem Wasser und steinigem Bett findet. Die Süßwasserflechten-Flora hat ein großes Potential als Bioindikator für Sedimenteintrag, Stabilität des Gewässerbetts, Konstanz der Überflutung und des ph-Wertes. Mit weniger als 100 Arten sind die Süßwasserflechten eine relativ kleine und systematisch sehr heterogene Gruppe von spezialisierten Pilzen, die die aquatische Lebensweise konvergent erworben haben. Sie gehören mehreren nicht näher verwandten Ordnungen der Ascomycota an.