Lenigme Et Le Paradoxe Economie Politique De Madagascar Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

L'énigme et le paradoxe
Author: Mireille Razafindrakoto, François Roubaud, Jean-Michel Wachsberger
Publisher: IRD Orstom
ISBN: 2709924080
Pages: 279
Year: 2017
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La situation économique de Madagascar est singulière à plus d'un titre. D'une part, le niveau de vie des Malgaches ne cesse de régresser depuis l'indépendance en 1960, un cas unique pour un pays qui n'a pas connu de conflits majeurs ; d'autre part, à chaque fois que le pays s'est engagé sur la voie de la croissance, celle-ci a été brutalement interrompue par une crise socio-politique, mettant à bas les espoirs qu'elle avait suscités. Pour éclairer ce contexte spécifique, les auteurs décryptent l'" énigme " et le " paradoxe " malgaches en procédant à une lecture d'économie politique dans le temps long et en s'appuyant sur des données statistiques de première main. La trajectoire du pays est analysée à l'aune des théories du développement. L'identification des rentes et des stratégies d'acteurs, le rôle de la violence, le fonctionnement des institutions, la sociologie des élites malgaches ainsi que le rapport entre les citoyens et le pouvoir sont également parmi les grands thèmes traités dans cette analyse. En dépit de sa spécificité, Madagascar est emblématique d'une situation commune à de nombreux pays du Nord comme du Sud. La fragilité des coalitions entre élites y nourrit une instabilité systémique d'autant plus grande qu'elle vient se greffer sur un mécontentement populaire préexistant et récurrent, suscité par des distorsions fortes entre améliorations au quotidien et aspirations au développement. Un ouvrage à la fois documenté et accessible, pour mieux comprendre Madagascar et pour appréhender les différentes dimensions du développement au Sud.
Urban Labor Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Philippe De Vreyer, Francois Roubaud
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821397826
Pages: 460
Year: 2013-06-07
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Although labor is usually the unique asset upon which poor people can make a living, little is known about the functioning of labor markets in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this volume is to contribute to the building of knowledge in this area. In this book, the authors use a unique set of identical and simultaneous labor force surveys conducted in seven capitals of Western Africa, as well as in some other African countries (Cameroon, Madagascar, Democratic Republic of Congo) in the 2000s. They present innovative and original results on how people are faring in these labour markets, using up-to-date econometric and statistical methods. Because so little is known about labor markets in the region, each chapter starts with detailed descriptive statistics that aim to shed light onto specific aspects of African urban labor markets. Comparisons between the ten cities are systematically carried out. Descriptive sections are followed by in-depth analyses on various issues. The book is divided into four parts that examine 13 topics. Part I presents the main stylised facts, which are investigated further in a more analytical way throughout the volume. Part II focuses on job quality and labor market conditions, such as unemployment and underemployment, vulnerability, and job satisfaction. Part III explores the many dimensions of labor market inequalities through various lenses, such as returns on education, segmentation, life-cycle inequality (with a particular focus on old age), inter-generational mobility, time related inequality, and gender and ethnic earnings discrimination. Part IV addresses some key coping mechanisms and private responses, with a focus on migration and child labor. The book concludes with recommendations for future research.
The Informal Economy in Developing Countries
Author: Jean-Pierre Cling, Stéphane Lagrée, Mireille Razafindrakoto, François Roubaud
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317912233
Pages: 334
Year: 2014-08-21
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Informality is ubiquitous in most developing countries. Understanding the informal economy is therefore of utmost importance from a political, economic and social point of view. Paradoxically, despite its economic importance, knowledge is extremely limited regarding the informal economy. It remains largely unrecognized by researchers, is neglected by politicians, and is even negatively perceived as it is meant to disappear with development. This book aims to amend this situation by presenting recent high level research which studies the informal sector and informal employment. Fresh research into this subject is presented through empirical analysis which covers Asia, Africa and Latin America. Each chapter relies on data and a detailed knowledge of the context of the countries studied in order to question the dominant schools of thought on the origins and causes of informality. The results provide interesting insights into the constraints faced by informal workers, the dynamics of the informal economy and its link with poverty issues. On the basis of the evidences provided by results adequate policies could be defined to address informality issues. The principal characteristics of the informal sector testify to some profound similarities between developing countries: low qualifications and the precariousness of jobs, mediocre incomes and working conditions, atomization of production units and lack of articulation with the formal economy, etc. This general statement does not contradict the observation that there is a high level of heterogeneity in the sector and in informal employment within each country, confirmed by several chapters in this work. In the absence of a sufficient number of job creations, the informal sector essentially constitutes a refuge for workers seeking and is here to stay in the short and medium term, even in emerging countries.
Multinationals and the Constitutionalization of the World Power System
Author: Jean-Philippe Robé, Antoine Lyon-Caen, Stéphane Vernac
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131709333X
Pages: 264
Year: 2016-06-03
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This collection offers a powerful and coherent study of the transformation of the multinational enterprise as both an object and subject of law within and beyond States. The study develops an analysis of the large firm as being a system of organization exercising vast powers through various instruments of private law, such as property rights, contracts and corporations. The volume focuses on the firm as the operational unit of governance within emerging systems of globalization, whilst exploring in-depth the forms within which the firm might be regulated as against the inhibiting parameters of national law. It connects, through the ordering concept of the firm in globalization, the distinct regimes of constitutionalization, national and international law. The study will be of interest to students and academics in globalization and the regulation of multinational corporations, as well as law, economics and politics on a global scale. It will also interest government leaders and NGOs working in the areas of MNE regulations.
Prospero and Caliban
Author: Octave Mannoni
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 0472064304
Pages: 218
Year: 1990
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A classic in psychological ethnography and the history of colonialism
The New Old World
Author: Perry Anderson
Publisher: Verso Books
ISBN: 1844677214
Pages: 561
Year: 2011
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This book offers a magisterial analysis of Europe's development since the end of the Cold War. A major work of modern history and political analysis, "The New-Old World" punctures both domestic and American myths about continental Europe. Surveying the post-Cold War trajectory of European power and the halting progress towards social and economic integration, Perry Anderson draws out the connections between the EU's eastward expansion, a foreign policy largely subservient to America's, and the popular rejection of the European Constitution. As a neoliberal economic project, pushed forward by a succession of centrist governments, the European Union cannot afford to allow its peoples a free choice that might dash elite schemes of a post-national democracy.Anderson explores Hayek's suggestion that protecting a market economy might require exactly this kind of inter-state structure, out of reach of popular opposition. With landmark chapters on France, Germany, Italy and Turkey, and a wide-ranging survey of current theories of the Union, "The New-Old World" offers an iconoclastic portrait of a continent that is now being increasingly hailed as a moral and political exemplar for the world at large.
The Political Crisis of March 2009 in Madagascar
Author: Adrien M. Ratsimbaharison
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442272368
Pages: 176
Year: 2017-07-25
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Since Independence in 1960, Madagascar has faced several periods of instability and crisis, as well as the threat of civil war. These periods were cyclical: each time the country made some significant economic and social progress, an unexpected crisis would occur to bring it to a halt. The book focuses on the crisis of March 2009, showing how a brewing conflict between the government of Marc Ravalomanana and the opposition led by Andry Rajoelina escalated and using it as a case for the study of further crises in Madagascar or other African countries. The book adopts a conflict approach to the study of crisis. Instead of focusing on external symptoms (street protests, violence, looting, massacre of protesters, military mutiny, etc.), or condemning it as a “coup d’état,” it analyzes the crisis of March 2009 as part of an ongoing conflict between the government and the opposition. It uncovers the causal mechanisms of the crisis as well as the process of crisis management and de-escalation, examining such factors as the context of the crisis, the major actors, the triggers, and the management of the crisis by national and international mediators. In addition, the book explains how a civil war was averted and who benefited as a result of this political crisis.
Madagascar
Author: Peter Tyson
Publisher: Bradt Travel Guides
ISBN: 1841624411
Pages: 426
Year: 2013
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Madagascar is a land where lizards scream and monkey-like lemurs sing songs of inexpressible beauty. KKnown as the Great Red Island, it is a place where fossa and tenrecs, vangas and aye ayes thrive in a true 'Lost World' alongside bizarre plants like the octopus tree and the three-cornered palm. And where the ancestors of the Malagasy, as the island's 18 tribes are collectively known, come alive in rollicking ceremonies known as "turning the bones." This natural and cultural history of Madagascar is an exploration of what makes the island so extraordinary. It is the only book that combines cutting-edge science and conservation with adventure travel and historical narrative. Perfect for those about to travel to Madagascar for the first time or just want to learn more, much of the historical material will be new to those familiar with Madagascar, even researchers who have worked there for years.
Prisoner of the State
Author: Premier Zhao Ziyang
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1847377149
Pages: 336
Year: 2012-12-11
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Prisoner of the Stateis the story of the man who brought liberal change to China and who, at the height of the Tiananmen Square protests in 1989, tried to stop the massacre and was dethroned for his efforts. When China's army moved in, killing hundreds of students and other demonstrators, Zhao was placed under house arrest at his home in Beijing. The Premier spent the last 16 years of his life, up until his death in 2005, in seclusion. China scholars often lamented that Zhao never had his final say. As it turns out, Zhao did produce a memoir, in complete secrecy. He methodically recorded his thoughts and recollections on what had happened behind the scenes during many of modern China's most critical moments. The tapes he produced were smuggled out of the country and form the basis for Prisoner of the State. Although Zhao now speaks from beyond the grave, his voice has the moral power to make China sit up and listen.
Conservation Biology
Author: Navjot S. Sodhi, Luke Gibson, Peter H. Raven
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118679806
Pages: 288
Year: 2013-07-03
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The late Navjot Sodhi conceived this book as a way of bringing to the forefront of our conservation planning for the tropics the views of people who were actually working and living there. In its 31 chapters, 55 authors present their views on the conservation problems they face and how they deal with them. Effective long term conservation in the tropics requires the full participation of local people, organizations and governments. The human population of tropical countries is expected to grow by more than 2.5 billion people over the next several decades, with expectations of increased consumption levels growing even more rapidly than population levels; clearly there will be a need for more trained conservationists and biologists. Significant levels of local involvement are essential to conservation success, with the rights of local people fully recognized, protected and fostered by governmental and international assistance. Overarching conservation plans are necessary, but cannot in themselves lead to success. The individual experiences presented in the pages of this book will provide useful models that may serve to build better and more sustainable lives for the people who live in the tropics and lead to the continued survival of as many species and functioning ecosystems as possible.
Soil Erosion and Carbon Dynamics
Author: Eric J. Roose, Rattan Lal, Christian Feller, Bernard Barthes, Bobby A. Stewart
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203491939
Pages: 376
Year: 2005-12-09
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The most complete, nonpartisan source of information on this hot agronomic topic available today, this book brings together a diverse group of papers and data to resolve the debate between sedimentologists and soil scientists and agronomists over whether the effects of soil erosion on carbon and atmospheric CO2 is beneficial or destructive. Divided into four sections, it offers data on how soil erosion affects soil, water, and air quality. Topics include mineralization rate, inundation, sediment deposition, and global warming potential, as well as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide emissions, and the implications of soil erosion on the global carbon cycle and carbon budget.
Analysing REDD+: Challenges and choices
Author: Arild Angelsen, Maria Brockhaus, William D. Sunderlin, Louis V. Verchot
Publisher: CIFOR
ISBN: 6028693804
Pages: 456
Year: 2012
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The White Man's Burden
Author: William Easterly, William Russell Easterly
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1594200378
Pages: 436
Year: 2006
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Argues that western foreign aid efforts have done little to stem global poverty, citing how such organizations as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank are not held accountable for ineffective practices that the author believes intrude into the inner workings of other countries. By the author of The Elusive Quest for Growth. 60,000 first printing.
Conservation and Environmental Management in Madagascar
Author: Ivan R. Scales
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136309071
Pages: 398
Year: 2014-03-14
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Madagascar is one of the most biologically diverse places on the planet, the result of 160 million years of isolation from the African mainland. More than 80% of its species are not found anywhere else on Earth. However, this highly diverse flora and fauna is threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation and the island has been classified one of the world’s highest conservation priorities. Drawing on insights from geography, anthropology, sustainable development, political science and ecology, this book provides a comprehensive assessment of the status of conservation and environmental management in Madagascar. It describes how conservation organisations have been experimenting with new forms of protected areas, community-based resource management, ecotourism, and payments for ecosystem services. But the country must also deal with pressing human needs. The problems of poverty, development, environmental justice, natural resource use and biodiversity conservation are shown to be interlinked in complex ways. Authors address key questions, such as who are the winners and losers in attempts to conserve biodiversity? And what are the implications of new forms of conservation for rural livelihoods and environmental justice?
Governance for Development in Africa
Author: David Booth, Diana Cammack
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1780325975
Pages: 176
Year: 2013-10-10
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Drawing on in-depth empirical research spanning a number of countries in Africa, Booth and Cammack's path-breaking book offers both an accessible overview of issues surrounding governance for development on the continent, whilst also offering a bold new alternative. In doing so, they controversially argue that externally imposed 'good governance' approaches make unrealistic assumptions about the choices leaders and officials are, in practice, able to make. As a result, reform initiatives and assistance programmes supported by donors regularly fail, while ignoring the potential for addressing the causes rather than the symptoms of this situation. In reality, the authors show, anti-developmental behaviours stem from unresolved - yet in principle soluble - collective action problems. Governance for Development in Africa offers a comprehensive and critical examination of the institutional barriers to economic and social progress in Africa, and makes a compelling plea for fresh policy thinking and new ways of envisioning so-called good governance.

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