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La noblesse de l'Empire romain
Author: Christophe Badel
Publisher: Editions Champ Vallon
ISBN: 287673415X
Pages: 498
Year: 2005
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La noblesse romaine a été souvent considérée comme la mère de toutes les noblesses occidentales et les ouvrages sur la noblesse médiévale commencent classiquement par une référence à l'héritage romain. Cette noblesse romaine (nobilitas) n'est pourtant pas celle que l'on croit : trop d'historiens l'ont confondue à tort avec l'ordre sénatorial. À la fin de la République romaine, la noblesse désignait au contraire un sous-groupe du Sénat, composé des familles patriciennes et consulaires. Il s'agissait d'une notion coutumière et non pas juridique. L'ambition de ce livre est de mettre en lumière le rôle des catégories non statutaires dans la structure sociale romaine. Christophe Badel retrace le destin de ce modèle social au cours des cinq siècles de la période impériale. Groupe défini par l'usage social, non par la loi, la noblesse n'avait pas pour autant des contours flous car une série de marqueurs permettait clairement aux Romains de l'identifier. La gestion du consulat, l'exhibition des masques en cire des ancêtres lors des funérailles, l'affichage des tableaux généalogiques peints sur les murs de l'atrium désignaient concrètement un noble sénatorial au début de l'Empire comme sous la République. Même si ce " modèle républicain " de la noblesse sénatoriale connut des remaniements à la fin de l'Antiquité, son fonctionnement général ne fut guère bouleversé. Il démontra aussi son rôle de modèle en s'implantant dans d'autres milieux et d'autres contextes. C'est en copiant la nobilitas sénatoriale que les empereurs, les notables locaux, les chrétiens élaborèrent leur modèle de noblesse. Ce phénomène de transfert ne fut pas sans affecter le modèle originel, qui connut une certaine érosion dans le nouveau milieu d'accueil. Mais le dynamisme du modèle nobiliaire n'en fut pas moins impressionnant d'autant plus qu'il survécut à l'effondrement de l'Empire romain en Occident (476). Au début du VIe siècle, il demeurait inchangé dans les nouveaux royaumes barbares avant de s'effacer brusquement dans le dernier tiers du siècle, victime de la fusion des élites romaines et germaniques. Une nouvelle aristocratie forgeait un nouveau modèle nobiliaire.
Cultural Crossroads in the Ancient Novel
Author: Marília P. Futre Pinheiro, David Konstan, Bruce Duncan MacQueen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1501504029
Pages: 407
Year: 2017-12-04
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The protagonists of the ancient novels wandered or were carried off to distant lands, from Italy in the west to Persia in the east and Ethiopia in the south; the authors themselves came, or pretended to come, from remote places such as Aphrodisia and Phoenicia; and the novelistic form had antecedents in a host of classical genres. These intersections are explored in this volume. Papers in the first section discuss “mapping the world in the novels.” The second part looks at the dialogical imagination, and the conversation between fiction and history in the novels. Section 3 looks at the way ancient fiction has been transmitted and received. Space, as the locus of cultural interaction and exchange, is the topic of the fourth part. The fifth and final section is devoted to character and emotion, and how these are perceived or constructed in ancient fiction. Overall, a rich picture is offered of the many spatial and cultural dimensions in a variety of ancient fictional genres.
Religion in Republican Rome
Author: Jorg Rupke
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812206576
Pages: 328
Year: 2012-05-28
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Roman religion as we know it is largely the product of the middle and late republic, the period falling roughly between the victory of Rome over its Latin allies in 338 B.C.E. and the attempt of the Italian peoples in the Social War to stop Roman domination, resulting in the victory of Rome over all of Italy in 89 B.C.E. This period witnessed the expansion and elaboration of large public rituals such as the games and the triumph as well as significant changes to Roman intellectual life, including the emergence of new media like the written calendar and new genres such as law, antiquarian writing, and philosophical discourse. In Religion in Republican Rome Jörg Rüpke argues that religious change in the period is best understood as a process of rationalization: rules and principles were abstracted from practice, then made the object of a specialized discourse with its own rules of argument and institutional loci. Thus codified and elaborated, these then guided future conduct and elaboration. Rüpke concentrates on figures both famous and less well known, including Gnaeus Flavius, Ennius, Accius, Varro, Cicero, and Julius Caesar. He contextualizes the development of rational argument about religion and antiquarian systematization of religious practices with respect to two complex processes: Roman expansion in its manifold dimensions on the one hand and cultural exchange between Greece and Rome on the other.
Power and Privilege in Roman Society
Author: Richard Duncan-Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316715205
Year: 2016-08-24
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How far were appointments in the Roman Empire based on merit? Did experience matter? What difference did social rank make? This innovative study of the Principate examines the career outcomes of senators and knights by social category. Contrasting patterns emerge from a new database of senatorial careers. Although the highest appointments could reflect experience, a clear preference for the more aristocratic senators is also seen. Bias is visible even in the major army commands and in the most senior civilian posts nominally filled by ballot. In equestrian appointments, successes by the less experienced again suggest the power of social advantage. Senatorial recruitment gradually opened up to include many provincials but Italians still kept their hold on the higher social groupings. The book also considers the senatorial career more widely, while a final section examines slave careers and the phenomenon of voluntary slavery.
Contested Monarchy
Author: Johannes Wienand
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190201746
Pages: 480
Year: 2014-11-04
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Contested Monarchy reappraises the wide-ranging and lasting transformation of the Roman monarchy between the Principate and Late Antiquity. The book takes as its focus the century from Diocletian to Theodosius I (284-395), a period during which the stability of monarchical rule depended heavily on the emperor's mobility, on collegial or dynastic rule, and on the military resolution of internal political crises. At the same time, profound religious changes modified the premises of political interaction and symbolic communication between the emperor and his subjects, and administrative and military readjustments changed the institutional foundations of the Roman monarchy. This volume concentrates on the measures taken by emperors of this period to cope with the changing framework of their rule. The collection examines monarchy along three distinct yet intertwined fields: Administering the Empire, Performing the Monarchy, and Balancing Religious Change. Each field possesses its own historiography and methodology, and accordingly has usually been treated separately. This volume's multifaceted approach builds on recent scholarship and trends to examine imperial rule in a more integrated fashion. With new work from a wide range of international scholars, Contested Monarchy offers a fresh survey of the role of the Roman monarchy in a period of significant and enduring change.
The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity
Author: Scott Fitzgerald Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199996334
Pages: 1296
Year: 2012-10-11
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The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700 CE) that has become increasingly central to scholarly debates over the history of western and Middle Eastern civilizations. This volume covers such pivotal events as the fall of Rome, the rise of Christianity, the origins of Islam, and the early formation of Byzantium and the European Middle Ages. These events are set in the context of widespread literary, artistic, cultural, and religious change during the period. The geographical scope of this Handbook is unparalleled among comparable surveys of Late Antiquity; Arabia, Egypt, Central Asia, and the Balkans all receive dedicated treatments, while the scope extends to the western kingdoms, and North Africa in the West. Furthermore, from economic theory and slavery to Greek and Latin poetry, Syriac and Coptic literature, sites of religious devotion, and many others, this Handbook covers a wide range of topics that will appeal to scholars from a diverse array of disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity engages the perennially valuable questions about the end of the ancient world and the beginning of the medieval, while providing a much-needed touchstone for the study of Late Antiquity itself.
Images of Ancestors
Author: Jakob Munk Højte
Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
ISBN: 8772889489
Pages: 308
Year: 2002
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A certain intimacy with one's ancestors was essential to achieving status in the classical world. By referring to the illustrious exploits and qualities of his forebears, a man could strengthen his position in society. If his origins lacked sufficient glory, he could construct a family tree and testify to its authenticity through the judicious use of portraits and legendary allusions. In this volume, fifth in the Aarhus Studies in Mediterranean Antiquity, eleven internationally recognised scholars analyse ancestral representation in ancient Greece, Etruria and Rome. While some contributions address the artistic, social and political significance of given portraits, others address broader themes: true and false forefathers in the portraits of Hellenistic rulers, the question of whether women were ancestors in republican Rome, and how the Roman non-elite used funerary statues to acquire an ancestor.
Being a Roman Magistrate
Author: Pauli Sivonen
Pages: 178
Year: 2006-01-01
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La République romaine
Author: Jean-Michel David
Publisher: Seuil
ISBN: 2020239590
Pages: 304
Year: 2000
View: 303
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Une synthèse sur les deux derniers siècles de la République romaine.
L'échec en politique
Author: Fabienne Bock, Geneviève Bührer-Thierry, Stéphanie Alexandre
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
Pages: 342
Year: 2008
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La noblesse en question (XIIIe-XVe s.)
Author: Philippe Contamine, Bruno Méniel
Pages: 329
Year: 2006
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Pouvoir et Religion dans le monde romain
Author: Annie Vigourt
Publisher: PU Paris-Sorbonne
Pages: 607
Year: 2006
View: 454
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Professeur aux universités de Reims puis de Paris-Sorbonne, Jean-Pierre Martin est l'auteur d'une thèse remarquée sur Providentia deorum, dans laquelle il étudiait un aspect majeur de l'idéologie impériale. Dans ce sillage, mais dans une perspective renouvelée, une quarantaine de ses amis et élèves, français et étrangers, se sont réunis et interrogés sur les relations entre pouvoir et religion dans le monde romain. Le champ d'investigation était immense, dans le temps -puisque les sujets traités concernent aussi bien la période républicaine que l'Empire tardif -, comme dans l'espace -de Rome aux extrémités de l'imperium. Aucune facette de la question n'est négligée : outre les aspects institutionnels et juridiques, l'attention est attirée sur les espaces et les rituels, les implications littéraires et philosophiques, les traductions artistiques et iconographiques. Grâce à la variété de ces approches se confirment la fécondité de la problématique et la continuité d'une réflexion, sans doute appelée à s'approfondir encore.
Cahiers de recherches médiévales
Year: 2006
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Les archives de l'invention
Author: Marie-Sophie Corcy, Christiane Demeulenaere-Douyère, Liliane Hilaire-Pérez, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (France), Centre historique des Archives nationales (France)
Pages: 613
Year: 2006
View: 225
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La Méditerranée à feu et à sang
Author: Paul Carmignani, Jean-Yves Laurichesse, Joël Thomas
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de Perpignan
Pages: 267
Year: 2006
View: 177
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Les deux précédents colloques internationaux organisés par l'Équipe de recherches VECT Mare Nostrum - "Saveurs, senteurs : le goût de là Méditerranée" et "Rythmes et lumières de la Méditerrannée" - ayant privilégié l'image du monde méditerranéen comme " machine à faire de la civilisation " (P. Valéry), il était temps, pour équilibrer l'analyse et l'image que nous souhaitons en donner, de prendre pour objet la Méditerranée belliqueuse et cruelle. L'approche retenue pour cette nouvelle série de contributions s'inscrit dans le cadre de la poétique (théorie généralisée de la littérature ou rhétorique restreinte) ou mieux encore de la poiétigtte " le faire qui s'achève est quelque oeuvre " (P Valéry). Elle nous conduira à examiner la spécificité du récit de guerre et la démarche paradoxale de l'écrivain, ce " pense-phrases " (R. Barthes), confronté à la gageure de rendre accessible au langage une expérience a priori ineffable qui risquait fort d'être à jamais condamnée à " l'aphasie du monstrueux " (J. Hervier).

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