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Forest Landscapes and Global Change
Author: João C. Azevedo, Ajith H. Perera, M. Alice Pinto
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1493909533
Pages: 262
Year: 2014-07-11
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Climate change, urban sprawl, abandonment of agriculture, intensification of forestry and agriculture, changes in energy generation and use, expansion of infrastructure networks, habitat destruction and degradation, and other drivers of change occur at increasing rates. They affect patterns and processes in forest landscapes, and modify ecosystem services derived from those ecosystems. Consequently, rapidly changing landscapes present many new challenges to scientists and managers. While it is not uncommon to encounter the terms “global change” and “landscape” together in the ecological literature, a global analyses of drivers of change in forest landscapes, and their ecological consequences have not been addressed adequately. That is the goal of this volume: an exploration of the state of knowledge of global changes in forested landscapes with emphasis on causes and effects, and challenges faced by researchers and land managers. Initial chapters identify and describe major agents of landscape change: climate, fire, and human activities. The next series of chapters address implications of changes on ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation and carbon flux. A chapter that describes methodologies of detecting and monitoring landscape changes is presented followed by chapter that highlights the many challenges forest landscape managers face amidst of global change. Finally, we present a summary and a synthesis of the main points presented in the book. Each chapter will contain the individual research experiences of chapter authors, augmented by review and synthesis of global scientific literature on relevant topics, as well as critical input from multiple peer reviewers.
Carbon Conflicts and Forest Landscapes in Africa
Author: Melissa Leach, Ian Scoones
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317579984
Pages: 230
Year: 2015-06-05
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Amidst the pressing challenges of global climate change, the last decade has seen a wave of forest carbon projects across the world, designed to conserve and enhance forest carbon stocks in order to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation and offset emissions elsewhere. Exploring a set of new empirical case studies, Carbon Conflicts and Forest Landscapes in Africa examines how these projects are unfolding, their effects, and who is gaining and losing. Situating forest carbon approaches as part of more general moves to address environmental problems by attaching market values to nature and ecosystems, it examines how new projects interact with forest landscapes and their longer histories of intervention. The book asks: what difference does carbon make? What political and ecological dynamics are unleashed by these new commodified, marketized approaches, and how are local forest users experiencing and responding to them? The book’s case studies cover a wide range of African ecologies, project types and national political-economic contexts. By examining these cases in a comparative framework and within an understanding of the national, regional and global institutional arrangements shaping forest carbon commoditisation, the book provides a rich and compelling account of how and why carbon conflicts are emerging, and how they might be avoided in future. This book will be of interest to students of development studies, environmental sciences, geography, economics, development studies and anthropology, as well as practitioners and policy makers.
Global Change and Mountain Regions
Author: Uli M. Huber, Harald K.M. Bugmann, Mel A. Reasoner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140203508X
Pages: 652
Year: 2006-03-09
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This book gives an overview of the state of research in fields pertaining to the detection, understanding and prediction of global change impacts in mountain regions. More than sixty contributions from paleoclimatology, cryospheric research, hydrology, ecology, and development studies are compiled in this volume, each with an outlook on future research directions. The book will interest meteorologists, geologists, botanists and climatologists.
Gender and Forests
Author: Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Bimbika Sijapati Basnett, Marlène Elias
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317355660
Pages: 362
Year: 2016-04-14
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This enlightening book brings together the work of gender and forestry specialists from various backgrounds and fields of research and action to analyse global gender conditions as related to forests. Using a variety of methods and approaches, they build on a spectrum of theoretical perspectives to bring depth and breadth to the relevant issues and address timely and under-studied themes. Focusing particularly on tropical forests, the book presents both local case studies and global comparative studies from Africa, Asia, and Latin America, as well as the US and Europe. The studies range from personal histories of elderly American women’s attitudes toward conservation, to a combined qualitative / quantitative international comparative study on REDD+, to a longitudinal examination of oil palm and gender roles over time in Kalimantan. Issues are examined across scales, from the household to the nation state and the global arena; and reach back to the past to inform present and future considerations. The collection will be of relevance to academics, researchers, policy makers and advocates with different levels of familiarity with gender issues in the field of forestry.
Managing Forests as Complex Adaptive Systems
Author: Christian Messier, Klaus J. Puettmann, K. David Coates
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136335218
Pages: 368
Year: 2013-02-11
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This book links the emerging concepts of complexity, complex adaptive system (CAS) and resilience to forest ecology and management. It explores how these concepts can be applied in various forest biomes of the world with their different ecological, economic and social settings, and history. Individual chapters stress different elements of these concepts based on the specific setting and expertise of the authors. Regions and authors have been selected to cover a diversity of viewpoints and emphases, from silviculture and natural forests to forest restoration, and from boreal to tropical forests. The chapters show that there is no single generally applicable approach to forest management that applies to all settings. The first set of chapters provides a global overview of how complexity, CAS and resilience theory can benefit researchers who study forest ecosystems. A second set of chapters provides guidance for managers in understanding how these concepts can help them to facilitate forest ecosystem change and renewal (adapt or self-organize) in the face of global change while still delivering the goods and services desired by humans. The book takes a broad approach by covering a variety of forest biomes and the full range of management goals from timber production to forest restoration to promote the maintenance of biodiversity, quality of water, or carbon storage.
Landscape Ecology in Forest Management and Conservation
Author: Chao Li, Raffaele Lafortezza, Jiquan Chen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642127541
Pages: 420
Year: 2011-01-04
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“Landscape Ecology in Forest Management and Conservation: Challenges and Solutions for Global Change” discusses how landscape ecology can contribute to addressing the challenges in contemporary forest management practice, with diverse contributions from active researchers worldwide. It provides not only a summary of conceptual understanding of landscape ecology as related to forest management but also a whole set of specific challenges, issues, and methods on how to deal with them. This book is a stimulating addition to the international literature on landscape ecology and land resource management at large. Dr. Chao Li is a Research Scientist with the Canadian Forest Service (CFS), Natural Resources Canada, and leads the Landscape Disturbances and Forest Valuation Modeling group. Dr. Raffaele Lafortezza is a Lecturer in forest landscape ecology at the University of Bari, Italy. Dr. Jiquan Chen is a Professor at the Department of Environmental Sciences, the University of Toledo, USA.
Amazonia and Global Change
Author: Michael Keller, Mercedes Bustamante, John Gash, Pedro Silva Dias
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118671511
Pages: 565
Year: 2013-05-02
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 186. Amazonia and Global Change synthesizes results of the Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA) for scientists and students of Earth system science and global environmental change. LBA, led by Brazil, asks how Amazonia currently functions in the global climate and biogeochemical systems and how the functioning of Amazonia will respond to the combined pressures of climate and land use change, such as Wet season and dry season aerosol concentrations and their effects on diffuse radiation and photosynthesis Increasing greenhouse gas concentration, deforestation, widespread biomass burning and changes in the Amazonian water cycle Drought effects and simulated drought through rainfall exclusion experiments The net flux of carbon between Amazonia and the atmosphere Floodplains as an important regulator of the basin carbon balance including serving as a major source of methane to the troposphere The impact of the likely increased profitability of cattle ranching. The book will serve a broad community of scientists and policy makers interested in global change and environmental issues with high-quality scientific syntheses accessible to nonspecialists in a wide community of social scientists, ecologists, atmospheric chemists, climatologists, and hydrologists.
Simulation Modeling of Forest Landscape Disturbances
Author: Ajith H. Perera, Brian R. Sturtevant, Lisa J. Buse
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319198092
Pages: 321
Year: 2015-07-27
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Forest landscape disturbances are a global phenomenon. Simulation models are an important tool in understanding these broad scale processes and exploring their effects on forest ecosystems. This book contains a collection of insights from a group of ecologists who address a variety of processes: physical disturbances such as drought, wind, and fire; biological disturbances such as defoliating insects and bark beetles; anthropogenic influences; interactions among disturbances; effects of climate change on disturbances; and the recovery of forest landscapes from disturbances—all from a simulation modeling perspective. These discussions and examples offer a broad synopsis of the state of this rapidly evolving subject.
Climate-Wise Landscaping
Author: Sue Reed, Ginny Stibolt
Publisher: New Society Publishers
ISBN: 1771422750
Pages: 320
Year: 2018-04-17
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Predictions about future effects of climate change range from mild to dire – but we're already seeing warmer winters, hotter summers, and more extreme storms. Proposed solutions often seem expensive and complex, and can leave us as individuals at a loss, wondering what, if anything, can be done. Sue Reed and Ginny Stibolt offer a rallying cry in response – instead of wringing our hands, let’s roll up our sleeves. Based on decades of experience, this book is packed with simple, practical steps anyone can take to beautify any landscape or garden, while helping protect the planet and the species that call it home. Topics include: Working actively to shrink our carbon footprint through mindful landscaping and gardening Creating cleaner air and water Increasing physical comfort during hotter seasons Supporting birds, butterflies, pollinators, and other wildlife. This book is the ideal tool for homeowners, gardeners, and landscape professionals who want to be part of the solution to climate change. Sue Reed is a registered Landscape Architect with thirty years' experience designing ecologically rich, energy efficient, and climate-responsive landscapes. She served as adjunct faculty at the Conway School of Landscape Design, and has led numerous workshops on ecological landscaping. Sue is the author of Energy-Wise Landscape Design. Ginny Stibolt has an MS degree in Botany from the University of Maryland, and moved to Florida in 2004. She is co-manager of the Florida Native Plant Society Facebook page, where she works to educate Floridians on authentic Florida landscapes.
Forests and Global Change
Author: David A. Coomes, David F. R. P. Burslem, William D. Simonson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107041856
Pages: 492
Year: 2014-02-20
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Forests hold a significant proportion of global biodiversity and terrestrial carbon stocks and are at the forefront of human-induced global change. The dynamics and distribution of forest vegetation determines the habitat for other organisms, and regulates the delivery of ecosystem services, including carbon storage. Presenting recent research across temperate and tropical ecosystems, this volume synthesises the numerous ways that forests are responding to global change and includes perspectives on: • the role of forests in the global carbon and energy budgets • historical patterns of forest change and diversification • contemporary mechanisms of community assembly and implications of underlying drivers of global change • the ways in which forests supply ecosystem services that support human lives. The chapters represent case studies drawn from the authors' expertise, highlighting exciting new research and providing information that will be valuable to academics, students, researchers and practitioners with an interest in this field.
Why Forests? Why Now?
Author: Frances Seymour, Jonah Busch
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 1933286865
Pages: 429
Year: 2016-12-27
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Tropical forests are an undervalued asset in meeting the greatest global challenges of our time—averting climate change and promoting development. Despite their importance, tropical forests and their ecosystems are being destroyed at a high and even increasing rate in most forest-rich countries. The good news is that the science, economics, and politics are aligned to support a major international effort over the next five years to reverse tropical deforestation. Why Forests? Why Now? synthesizes the latest evidence on the importance of tropical forests in a way that is accessible to anyone interested in climate change and development and to readers already familiar with the problem of deforestation. It makes the case to decisionmakers in rich countries that rewarding developing countries for protecting their forests is urgent, affordable, and achievable.
Visualizing Climate Change
Author: Stephen R.J. Sheppard
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136529004
Pages: 528
Year: 2012-03-29
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Climate change may be all around us, but it is often difficult to see. Carbon dioxide is invisible, and the prevailing imagery of climate change is often remote (such as ice floes melting) or abstract and scientific (charts and global temperature maps). Nobody really knows what 2 or 4 of global warming might look like in their community. The causes of climate change that surround us are often only dimly perceived or concealed, and there are as yet few examples of effective community solutions that people can see.
Boreal Forest and Climate Change
Author: Pertti Hari, Liisa Kulmala
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402087187
Pages: 582
Year: 2008-09-24
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The Forest Primary Production Research Group was born in the Department of S- viculture, University of Helsinki in the early 1970s. Intensive ?eld measurements of photosynthesis and growth of forest vegetation and use of dynamic models in the interpretation of the results were characteristic of the research in the group. Electric instrumentation was based on analogue techniques and the analysis of the obtained measurements was based on self-written programs. Joint research projects with the Research Group of Environmental Physics at the Department of Physics, lead by Taisto Raunemaa (1939–2006) started in the late 1970s. The two research groups shared the same quantitative methodology, which made the co-operation fruitful. Since 1980 until the collapse of the Soviet Union the Academy of Finland and the Soviet Academy of Sciences had a co-operation program which included our team. The research groups in Tartu, Estonia, lead by Juhan Ross (1925–2002) and in Petrozawodsk, lead by Leo Kaipiainen (1932–2004) were involved on the Soviet side. We had annual ?eld measuring campaigns in Finland and in Soviet Union and research seminars. The main emphasis was on developing forest growth models. The research of Chernobyl fallout started a new era in the co-operation between forest ecologists and physicists in Helsinki. The importance of material ?uxes was realized and introduced explicitly in the theoretical thinking and measurements.
Routledge Handbook of the Climate Change Movement
Author: Matthias Dietz, Heiko Garrelts
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135038872
Pages: 366
Year: 2014-01-10
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This handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the growing transnational climate movement. A dual focus on climate politics and civil society provides a hitherto unavailable broad and systematic analysis of the current global movement, highlighting how its dynamic and diverse character can play an important role in environmental politics and climate protection. The range of contributors, from well-known academics to activist-scholars, look at climate movements in the developed and developing world, north and south, small and large, central and marginal. The movement is examined as a whole and as single actors, thereby capturing its scope, structure, development, activities and influence. The book thoroughly addresses theoretical approaches, from classic social movement theory to the influence of environmental justice frames, and follows this with a systematic focus on regions, specific NGOs and activists, cases and strategies, as well as relations with peripheral groups. In its breadth, balance and depth, this accessible volume offers a fresh and important take on the question of social mobilization around climate change, making it an essential text for advanced undergraduates, postgraduate students and researchers in the social sciences.
Climate Change
Author: J. B. Haufler
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1437933742
Pages: 53
Year: 2010-10
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Summarizes potential impacts that are likely from predicted climate change (CC) in Southern Alaska (SA), identifies on-going collaborative efforts directed at climate change, and suggests some possible responses that the Alaska Region (AR) could take to address this challenge. Contents: (1) Intro.; (2) Overview of the AR; (3) Ecosystem Services of the SC and SE Landscapes; (4) CC Threats to Ecosystem Services in Southern Coastal Alaska: Observed Changes in Alaska¿s Climate; Predicted CC in Alaska Climate; (5) Impacts of CC on Ecosystem Services: Changing Sea Levels; Increased Ocean Temp. and Changing Circulation Patterns; Increased Ocean Acidification; Increased Storm Intensities; Changes to Stream Temp. and Flows; Loss of Glaciers; Changes to Wetlands; Forest Temp. and Precipitation Changes; Increases in Invasive Species; (6) Initiatives for CC in Southern Alaska Coastal Landscapes; (7) Strategic Plan for CC. Figures.