Die Kommunikative Konstruktion Der Wirklichkeit Neue Bibliothek Der Sozialwissenschaften Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Die kommunikative Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit
Author: Hubert Knoblauch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658152184
Pages: 438
Year: 2016-11-14
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Im Anschluss an Sozialphänomenologie, den Sozialkonstruktivismus sowie dessen gegenwärtige Kritiken entwickelt das Buch eine soziologische Theorie der kommunikativen Konstruktion der Wirklichkeit. Die löst dazu den grundlegenden Prozess des kommunikativen Handeln aus seiner Beschränkung auf bloß sprachliches und zeichenhaftes „Reden über“ und weitet es auf Objektivationen aus, die Körperlichkeit, Performativität und Materialität einschließen. Auf dieser Grundlage wird im ersten Teil eine relationale Theorie des Sozialen entfaltet. Im zweiten Teil werden die räumlichen und zeitlichen Dimensionen skizziert, in denen die Konstruktion empirischer Gesellschaften erfolgt: Institutionen, Strukturen und Legitimationen, Zeichen, Diskurse und Medien. Dass sich die Sozialtheorie überhaupt der kommunikativen Handlungen zuwenden muss, liegt in ihrer wachsenden Bedeutung und Mediatisierung durch Digitalisierung, Interaktivierung und den Wandel zur Kommunikationsarbeit begründet. Diese Entwicklung wird im dritten diagnostischen Teil als Kommunikationsgesellschaft analysiert.
Fotografie und Gesellschaft
Author: Thomas S. Eberle
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839428610
Pages: 456
Year: 2017-02
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Fotografie blieb in den Sozialwissenschaften bislang ein eher unterbelichtetes Thema, obwohl ihre Bedeutung in der Gegenwartsgesellschaft rasant zugenommen hat. Der Band schließt diese Lücke: mit Analysen nicht nur der Bildinterpretation, sondern auch der fotografischen Handlung selbst sowie der Auseinandersetzung mit Fotos. Die Beiträge renommierter Autor_innen über die Fotopraxis von Laien und Professionellen, den Übergang von der analogen zur digitalen Fotografie, das Fotografieren mittels Smartphone und Foto-Apps, die Gebrauchsweisen von Fotografie im Alltag und in den Medien sowie die Besonderheiten der Bildkommunikation und -interpretation wenden sich nicht nur an Sozial-, Medien- und Kulturwissenschaftler_innen, sondern an alle, die sich für Fotografie interessieren. Mit Beiträgen von Nina Baur/Patrik Budenz, Oliver Bidlo/Norbert Schröer, Aida Bosch, Roswitha Breckner, Achim Brosziewski, Jochen Dreher, Thomas S. Eberle, Paul Eisewicht/Tilo Grenz, Ronald Hitzler, Felix Keller, Hubert Knoblauch, Bernard Langerock/Hermann Schmitz, Christoph Maeder, Jörg Metelmann, Klaus Neumann-Braun, Michaela Pfadenhauer, Angelika Poferl/Reiner Keller, Manfred Prisching, Jürgen Raab, Jo Reichertz/Sylvia Marlene Wilz, Bernt Schnettler, Franz Schultheis, Hans-Georg Soeffner, Ilja Srubar und Anna Lisa Tota.
Knowledge in Action
Author: Eric Lettkemann, René Wilke, Hubert Knoblauch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658183373
Pages: 272
Year: 2017-07-27
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Mit dem Begriff der Wissensgesellschaft betonen Zeitdiagnosen den wachsenden Stellenwert von (wissenschaftlichem) Wissen für alle gesellschaftlichen Handlungsfelder. Eine noch wenig erforschte Konsequenz dieser Entwicklung ist das Erfordernis, Wissen zu kommunizieren und für andere Handlungsfelder zu übersetzen. Der Band untersucht die Frage, wie verschiedene Akteure der Wissensgesellschaft diese Kommunikationserfordernisse bewältigen und gestalten. Im ersten Teil finden sich Beiträge, die spezifische neue Formen und Paradigmen der Wissenskommunikation rekonstruieren und theoretisch verorten. Hier geht es um einschlägige Beispiele aus dem Spektrum neuer Kommunikationsformen, wie sie etwa Wissenschaftscomics und -romane darstellen. Im zweiten Teil stehen mediatisierte Kommunikationsformen im Fokus, die beispielsweise auf dem Wissensaustausch auf webbasierten Question-and-Answer-Plattformen oder YouTube aufbauen. Abschließend rückt die Kommunikations- und Übersetzungsarbeit von Akteuren ins Zentrum, die zwischen verschiedenen Wissens- und Handlungsfeldern vermitteln.
Negotiations of the »New World«
Author: Sabine Selchow
Publisher: transcript Verlag
ISBN: 3839428963
Pages: 234
Year: 2017-04
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»Global« is everywhere - recent years have seen a significant proliferation of the adjective »global« across discourses. But what do social actors actually do when using this term? Written from within the political studies and International Relations disciplines, and with a particular interest in the US, this book demonstrates that the widespread use of »global« is more than a linguistic curiosity. It constitutes a distinct political phenomenon of major importance: the negotiation and reproduction of the »new world«. As such, the analysis of the use of »global« provides fascinating insights into an influential and politically loaded aspect of contemporary imaginations of the world.
The Reality of the Mass Media
Author: Niklas Luhmann
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
ISBN: 0804740771
Pages: 154
Year: 2000
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In The Reality of the Mass Media, Luhmann extends his theory of social systems—applied in his earlier works to the economy, the political system, art, religion, the sciences, and law—to an examination of the role of mass media in the construction of social reality. Luhmann argues that the system of mass media is a set of recursive, self-referential programs of communication, whose functions are not determined by the external values of truthfulness, objectivity, or knowledge, nor by specific social interests or political directives. Rather, he contends that the system of mass media is regulated by the internal code information/noninformation, which enables the system to select its information (news) from its own environment and to communicate this information in accordance with its own reflexive criteria. Despite its self-referential quality, Luhmann describes the mass media as one of the key cognitive systems of modern society, by means of which society constructs the illusion of its own reality. The reality of mass media, he argues, allows societies to process information without destabilizing social roles or overburdening social actors. It forms a broad reservoir (memory) of options for the future coordination of action, and it provides parameters for the stabilization of political reproduction of society, as it produces a continuous self-description of the world around which modern society can orient itself. In his discussion of mass media, Luhmann elaborates a theory of communication in which communication is seen not as the act of a particular consciousness, nor the medium of integrative social norms, but merely the technical codes through which systemic operations arrange and perpetuate themselves.
Angewandte Diskurslinguistik
Author: Kersten Sven Roth, Carmen Spiegel
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3050061057
Pages: 282
Year: 2013-01-09
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Die Diskurslinguistik, deren Thema die sprachliche Konstitution gesellschaftlichen Wissens ist, hat sich in den letzten beiden Jahrzehnten als innovative und produktive Disziplin der Linguistik etabliert. Nach der Sicherung ihrer theoretischen Grundlagen steht sie nun vor neuen Herausforderungen, zu denen die Klärung der Frage nach ihrem möglichen Beitrag zur Angewandten Linguistik zählt. Auf sie gibt dieser Band Antworten: Einige der Beiträge befassen sich mit zentralen methodischen und methodologischen Problemen wie der Berücksichtigung der Multimodalität von Diskursrealisationen oder dem Spannungsverhältnis zwischen den Grenzen des Diskurses und dem Handlungsspielraum der Akteure. Andere Beiträge bieten Beispielanalyen aus der Angewandten Diskurslinguistik, etwa zu markanten Schlüsselwörtern aktueller Diskurse wie dem zur Stammzellforschung oder zum diachronen Wandel relevanter Topoi.
The Innocent Anthropologist
Author: Nigel Barley
Publisher: Waveland Press
ISBN: 1478631023
Pages: 190
Year: 2000-08-23
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When British anthropologist Nigel Barley set up home among the Dowayo people in northern Cameroon, he knew how fieldwork should be conducted. Unfortunately, nobody had told the Dowayo. His compulsive, witty account of first fieldwork offers a wonderfully inspiring introduction to the real life of a cultural anthropologist doing research in a Third World area. Both touching and hilarious, Barley’s unconventional story—in which he survived boredom, hostility, disaster, and illness—addresses many critical issues in anthropology and in fieldwork.
Zen and the Brain
Author: James H. Austin
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262260352
Pages: 868
Year: 1999-06-04
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A neuroscientist and Zen practitioner interweaves the latest research on the brain with his personal narrative of Zen. Aldous Huxley called humankind's basic trend toward spiritual growth the "perennial philosophy." In the view of James Austin, the trend implies a "perennial psychophysiology"—because awakening, or enlightenment, occurs only when the human brain undergoes substantial changes. What are the peak experiences of enlightenment? How could these states profoundly enhance, and yet simplify, the workings of the brain? Zen and the Brain presents the latest evidence. In this book Zen Buddhism becomes the opening wedge for an extraordinarily wide-ranging exploration of consciousness. In order to understand which brain mechanisms produce Zen states, one needs some understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of the brain. Austin, both a neurologist and a Zen practitioner, interweaves the most recent brain research with the personal narrative of his Zen experiences. The science is both inclusive and rigorous; the Zen sections are clear and evocative. Along the way, Austin examines such topics as similar states in other disciplines and religions, sleep and dreams, mental illness, consciousness-altering drugs, and the social consequences of the advanced stage of ongoing enlightenment.
The Mediated Construction of Reality
Author: Nick Couldry, Andreas Hepp
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745686516
Pages: 256
Year: 2018-03-15
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Social theory needs to be completely rethought in a world of digital media and social media platforms driven by data processes. Fifty years after Berger and Luckmann published their classic text The Social Construction of Reality, two leading sociologists of media, Nick Couldry and Andreas Hepp, revisit the question of how social theory can understand the processes through which an everyday world is constructed in and through media. Drawing on Schï¿1⁄2tz, Elias and many other social and media theorists, they ask: what are the implications of digital mediaï¿1⁄2s profound involvement in those processes? Is the result a social world that is stable and liveable, or one that is increasingly unstable and unliveable?
Berufsbiographische Texte ostdeutscher Lehrer und Lehrerinnen als "Bekenntnisse"
Author: Sabine Reh
Publisher: Julius Klinkhardt
ISBN: 3781513068
Pages: 393
Year: 2003
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Mediatized Worlds
Author: A. Hepp, F. Krotz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137300353
Pages: 332
Year: 2014-03-06
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How does the media influence our everyday lives? In which ways do our social worlds change when they interact with media? And what are the consequences for theorizing media and communication? Starting with questions like these, Mediatized Worlds discusses the transformation of our lives by their increasing mediatization. The chapters cover topics such as rethinking mediatization, mediatized communities, the mediatization of private lives and of organizational contexts, and the future perspective for mediatization research. The empirical studies offer new access to questions of mediatization an access that grounds mediatization in life-world and social-world perspectives.
Gesammelte Aufsätze
Author: A. Schutz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401028494
Pages: 300
Year: 2012-12-06
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Against Essentialism
Author: Stephan Fuchs
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674037413
Pages: 398
Year: 2009-07-01
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"Against Essentialism" presents a sociological theory of culture. This interdisciplinary and foundational work deals with basic issues common to current debates in social theory, including society, culture, meaning, truth, and communication. Stephan Fuchs argues that many mysteries about these concepts lose their mysteriousness when dynamic variations are introduced. Fuchs proposes a theory of culture and society that merges two core traditions--American network theory and European (Luhmannian) systems theory. His book distinguishes four major types of social "observers"--encounters, groups, organizations, and networks. Society takes place in these four modes of association. Each generates levels of observation linked with each other into a "culture"--the unity of these observations. "Against Essentialism" presents a groundbreaking new approach to the construction of society, culture, and personhood. The book invites both social scientists and philosophers to see what happens when essentialism is abandoned.
Theorizing Social Memories
Author: Gerd Sebald, Jatin Wagle
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134586485
Pages: 234
Year: 2015-11-19
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Public debates over the last two decades about social memories, about how as societies we remember, make sense of, and even imagine and invent, our collective pasts suggest that grand narratives have been abandoned for numerous little stories that contest the unified visions of the past. But, while focusing on the diversity of social remembering, these fragmentary accounts have also revealed the fault-lines within the theoretical terrain of memory studies. This critical anthology seeks to bridge these rifts and breaks within the contemporary theoretical landscape by addressing the pressing issues of social differentiation and forgetting as also the relatively unexplored futuristic aspect of social memories. Arranged in four thematic sections which focus on the concepts, temporalities, functions and contexts of social memories, this book includes essays that range across disciplines and present a variety of theoretical approaches, from phenomenological sociology and systems theory to biography research and post-colonialism.
A Gentle Introduction to Stata, Second Edition
Author: Alan C. Acock
Publisher: Stata Press
ISBN: 1597180432
Pages: 333
Year: 2008-09-03
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Updated to reflect the new features of Stata 11, A Gentle Introduction to Stata, Third Edition continues to help new Stata users become proficient in Stata. After reading this introductory text, you will be able to enter, build, and manage a data set as well as perform fundamental statistical analyses. New to the Third Edition A new chapter on the analysis of missing data and the use of multiple-imputation methods Extensive revision of the chapter on ANOVA Additional material on the application of power analysis The book covers data management; good work habits, including the use of basic do-files; basic exploratory statistics, including graphical displays; and analyses using the standard array of basic statistical tools, such as correlation, linear and logistic regression, and parametric and nonparametric tests of location and dispersion. Rather than splitting these topics by their Stata implementation, the material on graphics and postestimation are woven into the text in a natural fashion. The author teaches Stata commands by using the menus and dialog boxes while still stressing the value of do-files. Each chapter includes exercises and real data sets are used throughout.