Aktuelles Aus Klinik Und Praxis Der Urologie Urologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg Wissenkompakt Medizin Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Aktuelles aus Klinik und Praxis der Urologie
Author: Claudia Kesch, Markus Hohenfellner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662554739
Pages: 65
Year: 2017-12-07
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Der vorliegende Band der Reihe WissenKompakt Medizin erklärt in allgemeinverständlicher Weise die aktuellsten Therapien und Behandlungsmethoden aus dem Bereich der Urologie.Es wird erklärt, wann eine Prostatabiopsie angezeigt ist und welche Vorteile Verfahren haben, die durch eine Magnetresonanztomographie der Prostata unterstützt werden. Am Beispiel des Prostatakarzinoms wird exemplarisch dargestellt, wie aktuelle Erkenntnisse aus der Forschung in neue Behandlungsansätze fließen. Es wird gezeigt, wie die "navigierte Chirurgie" medizinische Bildgebung während eines operativen Eingriffs direkt einblendet, um dem Chirurgen den "optimalen Weg" zu zeigen.Auch Behandlungsmethoden wie das DaVinci-System - ein hochtechnologisches, minimal-invasives Operationssystem, das zur radikalen Entfernung der Prostata, im Bereich der Nierentumorchirurgie oder der urologisch-rekonstruktiven Chirurgie zum Einsatz kommt - werden ebenso vorgestellt wie Techniken zur Harnableitung, die die Blase bei Krebserkrankungen sehr gut ersetzen können./div
The Big Prostate
Author: Veeru Kasivisvanathan, Ben Challacombe
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319647040
Pages: 193
Year: 2017-11-28
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This book will explore and explain the best diagnostic and treatment strategies for men with a big prostate. Men are living longer and the opportunity to develop significant benign prostatic hyperplasia is increasing. Men with very large prostates can often be extremely challenging to manage and all urologists and healthcare professionals carrying out general urology and managing men with prostate problems will have come across this issue. There are a number of diagnostic, interventional, and surgical management options available, with some of these being more suited to a large prostate than others. The various treatment strategies and their evidence base are discussed. Valuable tips from expert authors who are experienced in the management of the particularly large prostate are included to allow readers to be confident when managing this increasingly important and prevalent group of patients. This book is of particular use to healthcare practitioners who manage men with BPH in the outpatient or emergency setting, as well as those in the operating theatre who want further tips on how to deal with the particularly big prostate.
Smoking Kills
Author: Conrad Keating
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 1909930415
Pages: 519
Year: 2016-07-05
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At the end of the Second World War, Britain had the highest incidence of lung cancer in the world. For the first time lung cancer deaths exceeded those from tuberculosis - and no one knew why. On 30 September 1950, a young physician named Richard Doll concluded in a research paper that smoking cigarettes was 'a cause and an important cause' of the rapidly increasing epidemic of lung cancer. His historic and contentious finding marked the beginning of a life-long crusade against premature death and the forces of 'Big Tobacco'. Born in 1912, Doll, a natural patrician, jettisoned his Establishment background and joined the Communist Party as a reaction to the 'anarchy and waste' of capitalism in the 1930s. He treated the blistered feet of the Jarrow Marchers, served as a medical officer at the retreat to Dunkirk, and became a true hero of the NHS. A political revolutionary and an epidemiologist with a Darwinian heart-of-stone, Doll fulfilled his early ambition to be 'a valuable member of society'. Doll steered a course through a minefield of medical and political controversy. Opponents from the tobacco industry questioned his science, while later critics from the environmental lobby attacked his alleged connections to the chemical industry. An enigmatic individual, Doll was feared and respected throughout a long and wide-ranging scientific career which ended only with his death in 2005. In this authorised and groundbreaking biography, Conrad Keating reveals a man whose life and work encapsulates much of the twentieth century. Described by the British Medical Journal as 'perhaps Britain s most eminent doctor', Doll ushered in a new era in medicine: the intellectual ascendancy of medical statistics. According to the Nobel laureate Sir Paul Nurse, his work, which may have prevented tens of millions of deaths, 'transcends the boundaries of professional medicine into the global community of mankind.' 'A well-crafted biography of Doll, [who] single-handedly saved millions of lives with his findings.' - New Scientist 'As this fascinating and fair-minded biography makes clear, while Doll's political instincts were radical, he was nevertheless a conservative scientist, always cautious in causal inference. . . Impressive and engaging.' - International Journal of Epidemiology
Author: Albrecht Bertram, Jürgen Tomas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354085715X
Pages: 312
Year: 2008-10-23
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Many materials or media in nature and technology possess a microstructure which determines their macroscopic behaviour. The knowledge of the relevant mechanisms is often more comprehensive on the micro than on the macro scale. On the other hand, not all information on the micro level is relevant for the understanding of this macro behaviour. Therefore, averaging and homogenization methods are needed to select only the specific information from the micro scale, which influences the macro scale. These methods also open the possibility to design or to influence microstructures with the objective to optimize their macro behaviour. This book presents the development of new methods in this interdisciplinary field of macro- micro-interactions of different engineering branches like mechanical and process engineering, applied mathematics, theoretical, and computational physics. In particular, solids with microstructures and particle systems are considered.
Shell-like Structures
Author: Holm Altenbach, Victor Eremeyev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319422774
Pages: 288
Year: 2016-09-11
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The book presents mathematical and mechanical aspects of the theory of plates and shells, applications in civil, aero-space and mechanical engineering, as well in other areas. The focus relates to the following problems:• comprehensive review of the most popular theories of plates and shells,• relations between three-dimensional theories and two-dimensional ones,• presentation of recently developed new refined plates and shells theories (for example, the micropolar theory or gradient-type theories),• modeling of coupled effects in shells and plates related to electromagnetic and temperature fields, phase transitions, diffusion, etc.,• applications in modeling of non-classical objects like, for example, nanostructures,• presentation of actual numerical tools based on the finite element approach.
Mechanics of Generalized Continua
Author: Holm Altenbach, Gérard A. Maugin, Vladimir Erofeev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364219219X
Pages: 352
Year: 2011-04-02
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This collection on „Mechanics of Generalized Continua - from Micromechanical Basics to Engineering Applications“ brings together leading scientists in this field from France, Russian Federation, and Germany. The attention in this publication is be focussed on the most recent research items, i.e., - new models, - application of well-known models to new problems, - micro-macro aspects, - computational effort, - possibilities to identify the constitutive equations, and - old problems with incorrect or non-satisfying solutions based on the classical continua assumptions.
Ecstasy, Catastrophe
Author: David Farrell Krell
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438458258
Pages: 220
Year: 2015-08-01
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Lectures on ecstatic temporality and on Heidegger’s political legacy. In Ecstasy, Catastrophe, David Farrell Krell provides insight into two areas of Heidegger’s thought: his analysis of ecstatic temporality in Being and Time (1927)and his “political” remarks in the recently published Black Notebooks (1931–1941). The first part of Krell’s book focuses on Heidegger’s interpretation of time, which Krell takes to be one of Heidegger’s greatest philosophical achievements. In addition to providing detailed commentary on ecstatic temporality, Krell considers Derrida’s analysis of ekstasis in his first seminar on Heidegger, taught in Paris in 1964–1965. Krell also relates ecstatic temporality to the work of other philosophers, including Aristotle, Augustine, Kant, Schelling, Hölderlin, and Merleau-Ponty; he then analyzes Dasein as infant and child, relating ecstatic temporality to the “mirror stage” theory of Jacques Lacan. The second part of the book turns to Heidegger’s Black Notebooks, which have received a great deal of critical attention in the press and in philosophical circles. Notorious for their pejorative references to Jews and Jewish culture, the Notebooks exhibit a level of polemic throughout that Krell takes to be catastrophic in and for Heidegger’s thought. Heidegger’s legacy therefore seems to be split between the best and the worst of thinking—somewhere between ecstasy and catastrophe. Based on the 2014 Brauer Lectures in German Studies at Brown University, the book communicates the fruits of Krell’s many years of work on Heidegger in an engaging and accessible style.
A Methodology for the Cryptanalysis of Classical Ciphers with Search Metaheuristics
Author: George Lasry
Publisher: kassel university press GmbH
ISBN: 3737604584
Pages: 247
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Cryptography, the art and science of creating secret codes, and cryptanalysis, the art and science of breaking secret codes, underwent a similar and parallel course during history. Both fields evolved from manual encryption methods and manual codebreaking techniques, to cipher machines and codebreaking machines in the first half of the 20th century, and finally to computerbased encryption and cryptanalysis from the second half of the 20th century. However, despite the advent of modern computing technology, some of the more challenging classical cipher systems and machines have not yet been successfully cryptanalyzed. For others, cryptanalytic methods exist, but only for special and advantageous cases, such as when large amounts of ciphertext are available. Starting from the 1990s, local search metaheuristics such as hill climbing, genetic algorithms, and simulated annealing have been employed, and in some cases, successfully, for the cryptanalysis of several classical ciphers. In most cases, however, results were mixed, and the application of such methods rather limited in their scope and performance. In this work, a robust framework and methodology for the cryptanalysis of classical ciphers using local search metaheuristics, mainly hill climbing and simulated annealing, is described. In an extensive set of case studies conducted as part of this research, this new methodology has been validated and demonstrated as highly effective for the cryptanalysis of several challenging cipher systems and machines, which could not be effectively cryptanalyzed before, and with drastic improvements compared to previously published methods. This work also led to the decipherment of original encrypted messages from WWI, and to the solution, for the first time, of several public cryptographic challenges.
What Philosophy Is For
Author: Michael Hampe
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022636531X
Pages: 352
Year: 2018-02-01
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What is the state of philosophy today, and what might it be tomorrow? With What Philosophy Is For, Michael Hampe answers these questions by exploring the relationships among philosophy, education, science, and narrative, developing a Socratic critique of philosophical doctrines. Philosophers generally develop systematic theories that lay out the basic structures of human experience, in order to teach the rest of humanity how to rightly understand our place in the world. This “scientific” approach to philosophy, Hampe argues, is too one-sided. In this magnum opus of an essay, Hampe aims to rescue philosophy from its current narrow claims of doctrine and to remind us what it is really for—to productively disillusion us into clearer thinking. Hampe takes us through twenty-five hundred years of intellectual history, starting with Socrates. That archetype of the philosophical teacher did not develop strict doctrines and rules, but rather criticized and refuted doctrines. With the Socratic method, we see the power of narration at work. Narrative and analytical disillusionment, Hampe argues, are the most helpful long-term enterprises of thought, the ones most worth preserving and developing again. What Philosophy Is For is simultaneously an introduction, a critique, and a call to action. Hampe shows how and why philosophy became what it is today, and, crucially, shows what it could be once more, if it would only turn its back on its pretensions to dogma: a privileged space for reflecting on the human condition.
Art as the Absolute
Author: Paul Gordon
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1501308025
Pages: 208
Year: 2015-09-24
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Art as the Absolute is a literary and philosophical investigation into the meaning of art and its claims to truth. Exploring in particular the writings of Kant and those who followed after, including Fichte, Schelling, Hegel, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche, Paul Gordon contends that art solves the problem of how one can "knowÂ?? the absolute in non-conceptual, non-discursive terms. The idea of art's inherent relation to the absolute, first explicitly rendered by Kant, is examined in major works from 1790 to 1823. The first and last chapters, on Plato and Nietzsche respectively, deal with precursors and "post-cursorsÂ?? of this idea. Gordon shows and seeks to reddress the lack of attention to this idea after Hegel, as well as in contemporary reassessments of this period. Art as the Absolute will be of interest to students and scholars studying aesthetics from both a literary and philosophical perspective.
Reusability for Intelligent Realtime Interactive Systems
Author: Dennis Wiebusch
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 3958260403
Pages: 260
Year: 2016-09-20
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With recent releases of affordable hardware devices the fields of Virtual, Mixed, and Augmented Reality gained considerable attention, wherefore the creation of corresponding software becomes increasingly important. In the absence of a common model for flexibly combining and reusing appropriate software modules, such Realtime Interactive Systems are commonly implemented from scratch. Borrowing from the fields of Software Engineering and Knowledge Representation, this work develops a model for the creation of reusable components from existing software modules. With a Knowledge Representation Layer at its core the model additionally enables the utilization of methods from the field of Artificial Intelligence, thereby supporting the creation of Intelligent Realtime Interactive Systems.
Wittgenstein's Whewell's Court Lectures
Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Yorick Smythies
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119166330
Pages: 366
Year: 2017-05-08
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Wittgenstein’s Whewell’s Court Lectures contains previously unpublished notes from lectures given by Ludwig Wittgenstein between 1938 and 1941. The volume offers new insight into the development of Wittgenstein’s thought and includes some of the finest examples of Wittgenstein’s lectures in regard to both content and reliability. Many notes in this text refer to lectures from which no other detailed notes survive, offering new contexts to Wittgenstein’s examples and metaphors, and providing a more thorough and systematic treatment of many topics Each set of notes is accompanied by an editorial introduction, a physical description and dating of the notes, and a summary of their relation to Wittgenstein’s Nachlass Offers new insight into the development of Wittgenstein’s ideas, in particular his ideas about certainty and concept-formation The lectures include more than 70 illustrations of blackboard drawings, which underline the importance of visual thought in Wittgenstein’s approach to philosophy Challenges the dating of some already published lecture notes, including the Lectures on Freedom of the Will and the Lectures on Religious Belief
Kierkegaard's Existential Approach
Author: Arne Grøn, René Rosfort, K. Brian Söderquist
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110493012
Pages: 292
Year: 2017-04-24
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Recently there has been a growing interest not only in existentialism, but also in existential questions, as well as key figures in existential thinking. Yet despite this renewed interest, a systematic reconsideration of Kierkegaard’s existential approach is missing. This anthology is the first in a series of three that will attempt to fill this lacuna. The 13 chapters of the first anthology deal with various aspects of Kierkegaard's existential approach. Its reception will be examined in the works of influential philsophers such as Heidegger, Gadamer, and Habermas, as well as in lesser known philosophers from the interwar period, such as Jean Wahl, Lev Shestov, and Benjamin Fondane. Other chapters reconsider central notions, such as "anxiety", "existence", "imagination", and "despair". Finally, some chapters deal with Kierkegaard's relevance for central issues in contemporary philosophy, including "naturalism", "self-constitution", and "bioethics". This book is of relevance not only to researchers working in Kierkegaard Studies, but to anyone with an interest in existentialism and existential thinking.
Error Analysis in the World. A Bibliography
Author: Bernd Spillner
Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH
ISBN: 3732903567
Pages: 586
Year: 2017-05-11
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Linguistic errors are manifold, e.g. in the mother tongue, in the acquisition of foreign languages, in translations, as slip of the tongue or typo. The present compilation of all subject-related publications is a comprehensive bibliography for the field of linguistic errors. In a compact introduction, Bernd Spillner additionally provides an overview of linguistic, didactic and psycholinguistic methods of the analysis and assessment of the errors and their therapy. For the first time, publications from numerous countries around the world were included which have not yet been considered. With the attached CD-ROM making the bibliography searchable for keywords in many languages to find relevant publications among the more than 6.000 titles, this is a very useful handbook for all linguists and teachers.
Passing Time
Author: Andrea Köhler
ISBN: 1935830481
Pages: 144
Year: 2017-02-25
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Graced with lyricism, Passing Time is a thoughtful and wide-ranging meditation on the ways in which human beings are compelled'and choose'to mark time, from earliest childhood to the final moments of life. This is an unsparing, yet often poetic, essay on the ordeals and pleasures inherent in the universal experience of waiting.

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